The Anti‐Doping Movement

  title={The Anti‐Doping Movement},
  author={S. Willick and Geoff D Miller and D. Eichner},
Historical reports of doping in sports date as far back as the ancient Greek Olympic Games. The anti‐doping community considers doping in sports to be cheating and a violation of the spirit of sport. During the past century, there has been an increasing awareness of the extent of doping in sports and the health risks of doping. In response, the anti‐doping movement has endeavored to educate athletes and others about the health risks of doping and promote a level playing field. Doping control is… Expand
Annual banned-substance review: analytical approaches in human sports drug testing.
This paper is a continuation of the series of annual banned-substance reviews appraising the literature published between October 2015 and September 2016 concerning human sports drug testing in the context of WADA's 2016 Prohibited List. Expand
Sports Pharmacology: A Medical Pharmacologist’s Perspective
  • H. Malve
  • Medicine
  • Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences
  • 2018
Focusing on sports pharmacology in the medical curriculum can help the upcoming health-care professionals to support the sportspersons to improve the quality of their life by using various drugs and other substances within the standardized limits and avoid embarrassment of doping. Expand
Doping Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Pharmacists in Dessie, Northeast Ethiopia
Even though the pharmacists’ low knowledge score revealed that they need further specialized training on doping and anti-doping, majority of them support banning doping substances from sport. Expand
Understanding and building clean(er) sport together: Community-based participatory research with elite athletes and anti-doping organisations from five European countries
Abstract Background In sport the narrative is changing from anti-doping to pro-clean sport. Yet, our understanding of what ‘clean sport’ means to athletes is notably absent from the literature.Expand
The placebo and nocebo effect in sport : intentions, attitudes and beliefs towards sport supplements and banned performance enhancing substances
The focus of this research is to determine the magnitude and moderators of placebo and nocebo effects on sport performance and to explore the impact of a placebo intervention on athletes’ beliefs andExpand
Efficacy and Safety of Whey Protein Supplements on Vital Sign and Physical Performance Among Athletes: A Network Meta-Analysis
The efficacy and safety of WPS as an ergogenic aid on athletes' sports performance and recovery support and the overall quality of clinical evidence was found to be valid and reliable from the comprehensive search strategy and ROB assessment. Expand
A Powerful False Positive: Nationalism, Science and Public Opinion in the ‘Oxygen Doping’ Allegations Against Japanese Swimmers at the 1932 Olympics
At the 1932 Olympic games the Japanese men's swim team upset their heavily favoured American hosts. Among the many explanations offered for the surprising result, some Americans charged that theExpand
Effectiveness of whey protein supplements on the serum levels of amino acid, creatinine kinase and myoglobin of athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The findings revealed that the clinical evidence supports the effectiveness of WPS as a positive ergogenic aid on athletes’ amino acids, creatinine kinase and myoglobin. Expand
The Effect of Methylphenidate and Aerobic Exercise on Renal Function of Male Rats
In general, significant increases in the serum BUN and Cr levels in rats received methylphenidate indicated decreased renal function in these animals. Expand


Brief History of Anti-Doping.
In order to harmonize the wide variety of rules that had developed both in sport organizations and at the domestic level and to promote anti-doping activities, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was jointly created by the Olympic movement and the public authorities in 1999. Expand
Challenges and threats to implementing the fight against doping in sport
Future efforts in the fight against doping should be more heavily based on preventative strategies such as education and on the analysis of data and forensic intelligence and also on the experiences of relevant stakeholders such as the national antidoping organisations, the laboratories, athletes or team physicians and related biomedical support staff. Expand
The athlete biological passport.
The Athlete Biological Passport can also serve as a platform for a Rule of Sport, with the presentation before competition of the ABP to objectively demonstrate that the athlete will participate in a healthy physiological condition that is unaltered by performance-enhancing drugs. Expand
The Athlete Biological Passport: an integral element of innovative strategies in antidoping
  • A. Vernec
  • Medicine
  • British Journal of Sports Medicine
  • 2014
The term passport, first coined in 2000, is now defined in the ABP Guidelines as the longitudinal profile and all other relevant information including training, competitions and information derived from investigations, which will play an even more prominent role in the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code. Expand
Anti‐Dope Testing in Sport: The History and the Science
  • L. Bowers
  • Biology, Medicine
  • FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
  • 2012
Behind the scenes at these Olympics—properly so— was a scientific team performing under great pressure to ensure safe and fair competition by testing urine and blood for traces of performance-enhancing prohibited substances and methods. Expand
Annual banned-substance review: analytical approaches in human sports drug testing.
In this annual banned substance review, emerging and advancing methods in the detection of known and recently outlawed substances are reported. Expand
The protection of clean athletes through the IOC research fund
The IOC has committed US$20 million to research the protection of athletes and fair play, half of which will be used for programmes to combat match fixing and illegal betting and half for research into anti-doping. Expand
Anti-doping systems in sports are doomed to fail: a probability and cost analysis
Testing is not economically viable for effective detection and changes are thus required to the current anti-doping system to combat sophisticated doping techniques. Expand
Monitoring of biological markers indicative of doping: the athlete biological passport
The athlete biological passport (ABP) was recently implemented in anti-doping work and is based on the individual and longitudinal monitoring of haematological or urine markers. These may beExpand
The athlete's biological passport and indirect markers of blood doping.
Forensic techniques for the evaluation of the evidence, and more particularly Bayesian networks, allow antidoping authorities to take into account firstly the natural variations of indirect markers - through a mathematical formalism based on probabilities - and secondly the complexity due to the multiplicity of causes and confounding effects through a distributed and flexible graphical representation. Expand