The Antecedents and Implications of Interracial Anxiety

  title={The Antecedents and Implications of Interracial Anxiety},
  author={E. Ashby Plant and Patricia G. Devine},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={790 - 801}
  • E. Plant, P. Devine
  • Published 1 June 2003
  • Psychology
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Drawing on previous theorizing from both the prejudice and social anxiety literatures, a model of the antecedents and implications of intergroup anxiety is offered. It is argued that a lack of positive previous experiences with outgroup members creates negative expectancies about interracial interactions, which result in intergroup anxiety. This anxiety is posited to result in heightened hostility toward outgroup members and a desire to avoid interacting with outgroup members. Study 1 examined… 

Figures from this paper

The Causes and Consequences of an Avoidance-Focus for Interracial Interactions
The causes and consequences of non-Black people’s desire to avoid interracial interactions (an avoidance-focus) and the findings are discussed in terms of their implications for racial relations.
Perceiving outgroup members as unresponsive: implications for approach-related emotions, intentions, and behavior.
  • D. Butz, E. Plant
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 2006
Results of Study 2 showed that White participants who received negative feedback about their Black partner's openness to interracial interactions behaved in a hostile manner toward their interaction partner.
Responses to Interracial Interactions Over Time
  • E. Plant
  • Psychology
    Personality & social psychology bulletin
  • 2004
Across both studies, interracial anxiety predicted the desire to avoid interactions with outgroup members and participants who were personally motivated to respond without prejudice reported more positive expectancies.
Obstacles to intergroup contact: when outgroup partner's anxiety meets perceived ethnic discrimination.
Investigation of the interactive effects of anticipated outgroup partner's anxiety and perceived ethnic discrimination on self-anxiety and intergroup contact avoidance in immigrant adolescents in Italy showed that when participants expected to interact with an anxious outgroup versus in-group partner, self-Anxiety increased and, as a consequence, their intentions to avoid future encounters increased.
Anxiety perseverance in intergroup interaction: When incidental explanations backfire.
It is demonstrated in 3 experiments that the perception of anxiety in others can undermine intergroup interactions even when the anxiety can be attributed to a source that is unrelated to the interaction.
Intergroup anxiety from the self and other: Evidence from self‐report, physiological effects, and real interactions
Intergroup anxiety has become important in understanding the success or failure of intergroup contact. In this paper, we suggest that intergroup anxiety is made up from two constructs: self-anxiety
Trail Relational Anxiety in Interracial Interactions
Most of the research on intergroup anxiety has examined the impact of people’s own anxiety on their own outcomes. In contrast, we show that in intergroup interactions, one’s partner’s anxiety is just
Intergroup anxiety effects on implicit racial evaluation and stereotyping.
These findings shed new light on how anxiety, often elicited in real-life intergroup interactions, can affect the operation of implicit racial biases, suggesting that intergroup anxiety has more direct implications for affective and evaluative forms of implicit bias than for implicit stereotyping.
Expecting To Be the Target of Prejudice: Implications for Interethnic Interactions
The more ethnic minorities expected Whites to be prejudiced, the more their White partners had positive experiences during interethnic interactions.


Intergroup Anxiety: A Person × Situation Approach
A person × situation approach to the study of intergroup anxiety is offered in which anxiety in intergroup encounters is viewed as a transaction between the individual and the environment. An
Social anxiety and self-presentation: a conceptualization and model.
This article presents a self-presentation approach to the study of social anxiety that proposes that social anxiety arises when people are motivated to make a preferred impression on real or imagined
Integrated Threat Theory and Intercultural Attitudes
In this study, the integrated threat theory of prejudice was employed to examine Americans’ and Mexicans’ attitudes toward one another. According to the theory, four types of threat (realistic,
Categorization and intergroup anxiety in contact between British and Japanese nationals
Two studies examined the relationship between categorization, intergroup anxiety and intergroup attitudes (intergroup bias and negative affect). Study 1 consisted of a survey of 236 British and
Self-Perception Theory and the Reduction of Heterosocial Anxiety
A series of studies employed self-perception theory (Bern, 1972) to reduce anxiety in heterosocially anxious or shy college students. As a result of unobtrusive, positively biased interactions with
Implicit and explicit prejudice and interracial interaction.
As predicted, Whites' self-reported racial attitudes significantly predicted bias in their verbal behavior to Black relative to White confederates, and these explicit attitudes predicted how much friendlier Whites felt that they behaved toward White than Black partners.
Dimensions of Contact as Predictors of Intergroup Anxiety, Perceived Out-Group Variability, and Out-Group Attitude: An Integrative Model
This study tested an integrative model of how dimensions of contact (quantitative, qualitative, and intergroup) are related to intergroup anxiety, perceived out-group variability, and out group
Compositions in Black and White: Determinants of interaction in interracial dyads.
The initial, unstructured interactions of 40 interracial (black-white) dyads were studied in a design in which three factors were systematically varied. These factors were (a) the disposition of the