Corpus ID: 18953755

The Anna Karenina principle: A concept for the explanation of success in science

  title={The Anna Karenina principle: A concept for the explanation of success in science},
  author={Lutz Bornmann and Werner Marx},
The first sentence of Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina is: " Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. " Here Tolstoy means that for a family to be happy, several key aspects must be given (such as good health of all family members, acceptable financial security, and mutual affection). If there is a deficiency in any one or more of these key aspects, the family will be unhappy. In this paper we introduce the Anna Karenina principle as a concept that can… Expand


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