The Animal Text: Message and Meaning in Television Advertisements

  title={The Animal Text: Message and Meaning in Television Advertisements},
  author={Jennifer E. Lerner and Linda Kalof},
We studied the dominant messages about animals in television commercials and the ways these messages might be subject to alternative readings. Six primary themes captured the portrayal of animals in the advertisements: animals as loved ones (e.g., a member of a family), as symbols (representation of logos or ideas), as tools (using animals for human use or consumption), as allegories, as nuisances, and animals in nature. Many of the commercials had multiple themes, indicating the varied… CONTINUE READING

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