[The Amsterdam Dementia Screening Test in cognitively healthy and clinical samples. An update of normative data].

Abstract

The six tests in the Amsterdam Dementia Screening Test (ADST) examine the cognitive domains of episodic memory (delayed picture recognition, word learning), orientation, category fluency (animals and occupations), constructional ability (figure copying) and executive function (alternating sequences). New normative data were collected in a sample of 102 elderly volunteers (aged 65-94), including subjects with medical or other health conditions, except dementia or frank cognitive impairment (MMSE > 24). Included subjects were independent in complex instrumental activities of daily living.Fluency, not the other tests, needed adjustment for age and education. A deficit score (0-1) was computed for each test. Summation (range 0-6) proved useful in differentiating patients with dementia (N = 741) from normal elderly (N = 102).Positive and negative predictive power across a range of summed deficit scores and base rates are displayed in Bayesian probability tables.In the normal elderly, delayed recall for eight words was tested and adjusted for initial recall. A recognition test mixed the target words with eight distractors. Delayed recognition was adjusted for immediate and delayed recall.The ADST and the normative data in this paper help the clinical neuropsychologist to make decisions concerning the presence or absence of neurocognitive disorder in individual elderly examinees.

Cite this paper

@article{Toutert2016TheAD, title={[The Amsterdam Dementia Screening Test in cognitively healthy and clinical samples. An update of normative data].}, author={Meta van Toutert and Han F.A. Diesfeldt and D. J. Hoek}, journal={Tijdschrift voor gerontologie en geriatrie}, year={2016}, volume={47 5}, pages={198-210} }