The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism.

  title={The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism.},
  author={Peter Glick and Susan T. Fiske},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  • P. GlickS. Fiske
  • Published 1996
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
The authors present a theory of sexism formulated as ambivalence toward women and validate a corresponding measure, the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI). The ASI taps 2 positively correlated components of sexism that nevertheless represent opposite evaluative orientations toward women: sexist antipathy or Hostile Sexism (HS) and a subjectively positive ( for sexist men ) orientation toward women, Benevolent Sexism (BS). HS and BS are hypothesized to encompass 3 sources of male ambivalence… 

Prediction of Rape Myth Acceptance by the Ambivalent Sexism

Sexism has typically been described as unitary hostility toward women. However Glick & Fiske (1996, 2001) proposed a more subtle way of sexual discrimination toward women, namely ambivalent sexism

The Ambivalence Toward Men Inventory

We present a measure, the Ambivalence toward Men Inventory (AMI), that differentiates between women's hostile and benevolent prejudices and stereotypes about men. The Hostility toward Men (HM) and

The Two Faces of Adam: Ambivalent Sexism and Polarized Attitudes Toward Women

Two studies using Peter Glick and Susan Fiske's Ambivalent Sexism Inventory examined sexist men's attitudes toward women. The authors hypothesized that ambivalent sexist (as compared with nonsexist)

Education and Catholic Religiosity as Predictors of Hostile and Benevolent Sexism Toward Women and Men

The relationships of education and religiosity to hostile and benevolently sexist attitudes toward women and men, as assessed by the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI; Glick & Fiske, 1996) and the

Ambivalent Sexism: The Effect of Self-Esteem on Ambivalent Sexism Expression

Ambivalent sexism occurs when a socially dominant group is dependent on a subordinate group, resulting in a collection of ambivalent ideologies (Lee, Glick, & Fiske, 2010). It utilizes both hostile

Ambivalent Sexism and the Sexual Double Standard

The sexual double standard is the notion that women are evaluated negatively and men positively for engaging in similar sexual behaviors. Because traditional, gender-based stereotypes are reflected

Ambivalent Sexism and Power-Related Gender-role Ideology in Marriage

Despite gender and culture differences in means, ASI-GRIM correlations replicate across those subgroups: Benevolence predicts initial mate selection; hostility predicts subsequent marriage norms.

Evolution of hostile sexism and benevolent sexism in a spanish sample

The aim of this research is toevaluate the evolution of ambivalent sexismtoward women (ASI: Ambivalent Sexism Inventory,Glick and Fiske, 1996) and men (AMI: Acttitudetoward Men Inventory; Glick and

Ambivalent Sexism as a Mediator for Sex Role Orientation and Gender Stereotypes in Romantic Relationships: A Study in Turkey

The present study examined the mediating effects of ambivalent sexism (hostile and benevolent) in the relationship between sex role orientation (masculinity and femininity) and gender stereotypes



The Two Faces of Adam: Ambivalent Sexism and Polarized Attitudes Toward Women

Two studies using Peter Glick and Susan Fiske's Ambivalent Sexism Inventory examined sexist men's attitudes toward women. The authors hypothesized that ambivalent sexist (as compared with nonsexist)

Negative and positive components of psychological masculinity and femininity and their relationships to self-reports of neurotic and acting out behaviors.

In both sexes, neuroticism was most highly correlated (in a negative direction) with M+, and acting out behavoir was most strongly correlated with M-.

Sexism and racism: Old-fashioned and modern prejudices.

Prejudice and discrimination against women has become increasingly subtle and covert (N. V. Be-nokraitis & J. R. Feagin, 1986). Unlike research on racism, little research about prejudice and

The Naive Misuse of Power: Nonconscious Sources of Sexual Harassment

Sexual harassment is considered from the perspective of power abuse in general. Recent research on sexually aggressive men has underscored the importance of power and dominance as a motivator of

Gender Stereotypes and Attitudes Toward Women and Men

Attitude theory is used to provide a conceptual analysis of how attitudes toward men and women relate to gender stereotypes. Consistent with this analysis, attitudes toward the sexes related

Are People Prejudiced Against Women? Some Answers From Research on Attitudes, Gender Stereotypes, and Judgments of Competence

In contemporary research, attitudes toward women appear to be more positive than those toward men in samples of US and Canadian university students, and the evaluative content of the female

Cultural myths and supports for rape.

  • M. Burt
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1980
Results from regression analysis of interview data indicate that the higher the sex role stereotyping, adversarial sexual beliefs, and acceptance of interpersonal violence, the greater a respondent's acceptance of rape myths.

Gender Effects in an Initial Encounter: A Case Where Men Exceed Women in Disclosure

This research examined self-disclosure between all possible pairs of sex of discloser and sex of disclosure target. Assuming that socialization encourages women and men to play different roles, men

Trait-based and sex-based discrimination in occupational prestige, occupational salary, and hiring

Two investigations examined how occupational stereotypes relate to sex discrimination in the prestige and salaries accorded to “men's” and “women's” jobs, and in hiring decisions. A distinction was