The Ambivalent Legacy of Violence and Victimhood: Using Early Christian Martyrs to Think With

  title={The Ambivalent Legacy of Violence and Victimhood: Using Early Christian Martyrs to Think With},
  author={Elizabeth A. Castelli},
  journal={Spiritus: A Journal of Christian Spirituality},
  pages={1 - 24}
This essay examines three twentieth-century examples drawn from literature, film, and photography where the figure of the early Christian martyr has served as a vehicle for making critical interventions into contemporary political situations. By exploring these three examples-Naomi Mitchison's 1939 novel, The Blood of the Martyrs; MGM's 1951 film version of Quo Vadis; and Carl Fischer's photograph of Muhammad Ali posed as Saint Sebastian, which appeared on the cover of Esquire magazine in April… 
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