The Allure of Machinic Life: Cybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI

  title={The Allure of Machinic Life: Cybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI},
  author={John Johnston},
In The Allure of Machinic Life, John Johnston examines new forms of nascent life that emerge through technical interactions within human-constructed environments--"machinic life"--in the sciences of cybernetics, artificial life, and artificial intelligence. With the development of such research initiatives as the evolution of digital organisms, computer immune systems, artificial protocells, evolutionary robotics, and swarm systems, Johnston argues, machinic life has achieved a complexity and… 

Cybernetics and the human sciences

Cybernetics saturates the humanities. Norbert Wiener’s movement gave vocabulary and hardware to developments all across the early digital era, and still does so today to those who seek to interpret

Blended Automation: The Language-Game of Psychoanalytic Automatism and Cybernetic Automata

Situated within the context of the emerging concept of blended cognition between human and artificial entities, the present brief paper suggest that emphasis should be placed on the concept of

Control in living systems : an exploration of the cybernetic properties of interactive behaviour

Evidence is presented that, not only do at least some behaviours of animals function like engineered control systems, but also that this type of architecture is widespread in phylogenetic terms, relatively robust to interference, and able to be artificially reproduced.

Pre-Cybernetic Context: An Early Twentieth-Century Ontological Displacement of the Machine

This chapter deals with the preceding events that lead to the emergence of cybernetics, mainly in recent history of mathematics. It treats the historical and philosophical context that allowed the

AI Reloaded: Objectives, Potentials, and Challenges of the Novel Field of Brain-Like Artificial Intelligence

The novel discipline of Brain-Like Artificial Intelligence aims at analyzing and deciphering the working mechanisms of the brain and translating this knowledge into implementable AI architectures with the objective to develop in this way more efficient, flexible, and capable technical systems.

Visions of Swarming Robots: Artificial Intelligence and Stupidity in the Military-Industrial Projection of the Future of Warfare

This chapter brings a philosophical perspective to a critical engagement with the analysis, speculation, and recommendations for the future development and deployment of lethal autonomous robotic

Special Issue on Cybernetics and Cognitive Informatics

This editorial demonstrates that the investigation into CI and cybernetics may encouragingly result in fundamental discoveries toward the development of next-generation intelligent systems and cognitive computing technologies.

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Artificial Life is a research field which has developed around the use of synthetic artificial systems, mostly robotic and virtual, to investigate the supposed characteristic features of life. The

Cybernetics and the Making of a Global Proletariat

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The Emergence of Everything: How the World Became Complex

In The Emergence of Everything, one of the leading scientists involved in the study of complexity, Harold J. Morowitz takes us on a sweeping tour of the universe, a tour with 28 stops, each one highlighting a particularly important moment of emergence.

Real artificial life: Where we may be

Artificial life research typically employs digital computers to implement models of living systems. However, there is now a growing if pro-theoretical feeling that computers, or perhaps the software

Autopoiesis: the organization of living systems, its characterization and a model.

Adaptation in natural and artificial systems

Names of founding work in the area of Adaptation and modiication, which aims to mimic biological optimization, and some (Non-GA) branches of AI.

Rediscovering Computational Autopoiesis

This paper summarizes some initial empirical results from a new computer model which exhibits spontaneous emergence and persistence of autopoietic organization, based on a system originally presented by Varela, Maturana, and Uribe, and argues the importance of exploiting the emerging technologies which support publication of completely detailed software models.

Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity.

  • J. Koza
  • Computer Science
    Artificial Life
  • 1995
All of these existing systems are computationally expensive and deliver little in the way of important emergent phenomena in relation to the amount of computational effort expended; it may actually preclude emergence of important phenomena that can only materialize in the presence of certain minimum amounts of time or matter.

Minds, brains, and programs

  • J. Searle
  • Philosophy
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1980
Only a machine could think, and only very special kinds of machines, namely brains and machines with internal causal powers equivalent to those of brains, and no program by itself is sufficient for thinking.

Principles of the Self-Organizing System

Questions of principle are sometimes regarded as too unpractical to be important, but it is suggested that that is certainly not the case in this subject and a bird’s-eye survey is proposed.

Evolving 3D Morphology and Behavior by Competition

This article describes a system for the evolution and coevolution of virtual creatures that compete in physically simulated three-dimensional worlds that can adapt to each other as they evolve simultaneously.