The Agony of Ambivalence and Ways to Resolve It: Introducing the MAID Model

@article{vanHarreveld2009TheAO,
  title={The Agony of Ambivalence and Ways to Resolve It: Introducing the MAID Model},
  author={Frenk van Harreveld and Joop van der Pligt and Yael N. de Liver},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Review},
  year={2009},
  volume={13},
  pages={45 - 61}
}
People are generally averse toward conflict between beliefs and/or feelings underlying their attitudes—that is, attitudinal ambivalence. This review integrates literature on attitudinal ambivalence with theories on decision making and coping strategies to gain a better understanding of when and how people deal with feelings of ambivalence. First it shows that ambivalence is experienced as being particularly unpleasant when the ambivalent attitude holder is confronted with the necessity to make… 

Figures from this paper

Solving ambivalence in context: The experience and resolution of attitudinal ambivalence
The present dissertation seeks to further understanding of how individuals are affected by and subsequently deal with attitudinal ambivalence. By combining physiological (fMRI, facial EMG),
On the attitudinal consequences of being mindful: Links between mindfulness and attitudinal ambivalence
A series of studies examined whether mindfulness is associated with the experience of attitudinal ambivalence. Studies 1A and 1B found that mindful individuals expressed greater comfort holding
Mixed feelings: the case of ambivalence
An Examination of Ambivalence: When Cognitive Conflicts Can Help Individuals Overcome Cognitive Traps
An Examination of Ambivalence: When Cognitive Conflicts Can Help Individuals Overcome Cognitive Traps Cristiano Levi O. Guarana Chair of the Supervisory Committee: Professor Bruce J. Avolio
On the Attitudinal Consequences of Being Mindful
TLDR
A series of studies examined whether mindfulness is associated with the experience of attitudinal ambivalence, finding that mindful individuals expressed greater comfort holding ambivalent views and reported feeling ambivalent less often and that there was no link between the amount ofAmbivalence and negative affect among more mindful individuals.
Ambivalence in Organizations: A Multilevel Approach
TLDR
An integrative framework of major responses to highly intense ambivalence avoidance, domination, compromise, and holism that is applicable to actors at the individual and collective levels is offered.
In doubt and disorderly: Ambivalence promotes compensatory perceptions of order.
TLDR
It is shown that ambivalence leads to an increase in (visual) perceptions of order and also increases belief in conspiracy theories, a cognitive form of order perception, and that increased need for order is driving these effects.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 139 REFERENCES
Extending the bases of subjective attitudinal ambivalence: interpersonal and intrapersonal antecedents of evaluative tension.
TLDR
Together, these studies provide support for the proposition that, because of balance processes, interpersonal relationships influence feelings of subjective ambivalence.
Ambivalence and Attitudes
This chapter explores the concept of ambivalence and its relationship to attitudes. Definitions and different measures of ambivalence are reviewed. We present three dimensions on which measures of
Thinking and caring about cognitive inconsistency: when and for whom does attitudinal ambivalence feel uncomfortable?
TLDR
The relation between conflicting evaluations of attitude objects (potential ambivalence) and associated unpleasant feelings (felt ambivalences) was investigated and similarities of ambivalent and cognitive dissonance constructs are discussed.
Attitudinal Ambivalence
The concept of attitudinal ambivalence refers to the degree to which an attitude object is evaluated positively and negatively at the same time. As is argued in the present chapter, ambivalence is an
Effects of Attitudinal Ambivalence on Information Processing and Attitude-Intention Consistency☆
Abstract We hypothesize that, when encountering a new or unfamiliar attitude object that has both positiveandnegative attributes, such evaluatively inconsistent information leads toattitudinal
The gradual threshold model of ambivalence: relating the positive and negative bases of attitudes to subjective ambivalence.
TLDR
This research examined the relationship between the measured and manipulated positive and negative bases of attitudes and the psychological experience of attitudinal ambivalence and the gradual threshold model of ambivalences was advanced.
Ambivalence, conflict, and decision making: attitudes and feelings in Germany towards NATO's military intervention in the Kosovo war
Two hundred and thirty-four persons were surveyed to assess personality aspects (action versus state orientation, need for cognition, faith in intuition) and emotional aspects of their attitudes
Ambivalence and Response Amplification: A Motivational Perspective
This research investigated whether ambivalence-induced response amplification occurs because of a motivation to reduce ambivalence. In Study 1, participants’ ambivalence toward Native people was
Ambivalence, discomfort, and motivated information processing
...
...