The Age of the Taklimakan Desert

  title={The Age of the Taklimakan Desert},
  author={Jimin Sun and Tungsheng Liu},
  pages={1621 - 1621}
The Taklimakan Desert is located in the foreland basin of the Tibetan Plateau. We report here the results of stratigraphic investigations of a 1626-meter-thick sequence with interbedded wind-blown silt from the southern marginal Taklimakan Desert. Because the studied section is located downwind of the desert, the eolian silt accumulation is closely linked to desert formation. Our new evidence indicates that shifting sand dunes prevailed in the Tarim Basin by at least 5.3 million years ago, as… Expand
New evidence on the age of the Taklimakan Desert
The Taklimakan Desert is the world's second-largest shifting sand desert, located in the rain shadow of the Tibetan Plateau. The initiation of desert formation in the Asian interior is one of theExpand
Late Oligocene–early Miocene birth of the Taklimakan Desert
This paper resolves a long-standing debate concerning the age of the Taklimakan Desert, and shows that the desert came into existence during late Oligocene–early Miocene, between ∼26.7 Ma and 22.6 Ma, as a result of widespread regional aridification and increased erosion in the surrounding mountain fronts. Expand
Desertification and dust emission history of the Tarim Basin and its relation to the uplift of northern Tibet
Abstract The potential links between uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau and desertification of inland Asia have been a long-considered problem in geology. Although a close link between theExpand
Refuting the evidence for an earlier birth of the Taklimakan Desert
This chronology effectively extends the formation of the Taklimakan Desert from ∼5 Ma, as recently reported from outcrop and high-resolution borehole data, to 27 Ma. Expand
Extreme aridification since the beginning of the Pliocene in the Tarim Basin, western China
Abstract Mid-latitude Central Asia is characterized by an extreme arid landscape. Among the Central Asian deserts, the Taklimakan Desert is the largest shifting sand desert which is located in theExpand
Cenozoic sediments in the southern Tarim Basin: implications for the uplift of northern Tibet and evolution of the Taklimakan Desert
Abstract Cenozoic sedimentary successions along the southern margin of the Tarim Basin, western China, reach up to 10 km in thickness. The two studied sections, the Yecheng and Aertashi, comprise c.Expand
Palynological evidence for Neogene environmental change in the foreland basin of the southern Tianshan range, northwestern China
article i nfo In this paper, we report 3780-m-thick Neogene deposits accumulated in the Kuqa foreland basin of southern Tianshan range, providing great potential for studying both tectonics andExpand
Evidence for enhanced aridity in the Tarim Basin of China since 5.3 Ma
Abstract Thick Cenozoic deposits formed from the erosion of the northern evolving edge of the Tibetan Plateau provide opportunities to study the exhumation history and climatic changes within theExpand
Diachronous seawater retreat from the southwestern margin of the Tarim Basin in the late Eocene
In contrast to the present hyper-arid inland basin surrounded by the high mountains of Central Asia, the western Tarim Basin was once connected with the Tajik Basin at least in the late Eocene, whenExpand
Erg deposition and development of the ancestral Taklimakan Desert (western China) between 12.2 and 7.0 Ma
The Taklimakan Desert in western China contains the second largest shifting sand desert on earth. The onset of this desert formation has been debated between the Eocene, early Miocene, late Miocene,Expand


Palaeo-altimetry of the late Eocene to Miocene Lunpola basin, central Tibet
Estimates of the palaeo-altimetry of late Eocene and younger deposits of the Lunpola basin in the centre of the plateau indicate that the surface of Tibet has been at an elevation of more than 4 kilometres for at least the past 35 million years. Expand
Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis
The Messinian salinity crisis is widely regarded as one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years (refs 1–3). Earliest explanations were that extremely thickExpand
Revised calibration of the geomagnetic polarity timescale for the Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic
Recently reported radioisotopic dates and magnetic anomaly spacings have made it evident that modification is required for the age calibrations for the geomagnetic polarity timescale of Cande andExpand
A nearly completely articulated rhamphorhynchoid pterosaur with exceptionally well-preserved wing membranes and “hairs” from Inner Mongolia, northeast China
The “hair” of Jeholopterus bears some resemblance to the hair-like integumental structures of the feathered dinosaur Sinosauropteryx although there is yet no direct evidence to argue for or against their homology. Expand
Biostratigraphy and Geological Evolution in the Tarim Basin
  • 1990
Supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences grant KZCX2-SW-133 and the Natural Science Foundation of China grants 40021202