The Age-Specific Prevalence of Myopia in Asia: A Meta-analysis

@article{Pan2015TheAP,
  title={The Age-Specific Prevalence of Myopia in Asia: A Meta-analysis},
  author={Chen-Wei Pan and Mohamed Dirani and Ching-Yu Cheng and Tien Yin Wong and Seang-Mei Saw},
  journal={Optometry and Vision Science},
  year={2015},
  volume={92},
  pages={258–266}
}
Purpose To estimate the age-specific prevalence of myopia in Asia. Methods We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from their inception through September 2013 for population-based surveys reporting the prevalence of myopia in adults or children in Asia. We pooled the prevalence estimates for myopia by age groups and by year of birth using a random-effects model. Results We identified 50 eligible population-based studies including 215,672 subjects aged 0 to 96 years reporting the… 
Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050.
TLDR
Myopia and high myopia estimates from 2000 to 2050 suggest significant increases in prevalences globally, with implications for planning services, including managing and preventing myopia-related ocular complications and vision loss among almost 1 billion people with highMyopia.
Prevalence of myopic macular degeneration worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
MMD is a serious public health concern worldwide, particularly in subjects who are women, subjectsliving in urban areas, subjects living in Asia, and subjects with longer axial lengths and severer myopia.
Prevalence of myopia among disadvantaged Australian schoolchildren: A 5-year cross-sectional study
TLDR
Compared with 40 years ago, the prevalence of myopia has doubled, but it remains significantly lower than in school children of a similar age living in established urban areas that are regarded as having a higher socioeconomic status.
Ethnic disparity in prevalence and associated risk factors of myopia in adolescents.
TLDR
When examined by race/ethnicity, 1 hour of computer use increased the odds of myopia in the non-Hispanic White group, in Mexican Americans a higher family poverty income ratio and 2 hours of television time was associated with myopia, and in the Other Hispanic group.
An Ecologic Study of Trends in the Prevalence of Myopia in Chinese Adults in Singapore Born from the 1920s to 1980s.
TLDR
During the past few decades, the prevalence of myopia increased rapidly, especially in persons who started elementary school after the 1980s (born after 1970), and these changes, together with increasing intensive schooling, may have contributed to the increase in myopia prevalence.
Prevalence and time trends of refractive error in Chinese children: A systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
The much higher prevalence of myopia and astigmatism in China compared with foreign countries indicates the important role played by environment and genetic factors and much more attention should still be paid to RE prevention and treatment strategy development in China.
Advanced myopia, prevalence and incidence analysis
TLDR
The primary finding of this research is that the prevalence ratio of high myopes (R < −6.0 D) to common myopes is expected to increase from 15% entering college to 45% or more after college and graduate school.
Prevalence and Possible Factors of Myopia in Norwegian Adolescents
TLDR
Norwegian adolescents seem to defy the world-wide trend of increasing myopia, suggesting that there is a need to explore why daylight exposure during a relatively short summer outweighs that of the longer autumn-winter.
The prevalence of refractive errors in the Middle East: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
The prevalence of hyperopia is relatively high in Middle Eastern children, while the prevalence of myopia is higher in adults in this region, and it seems that astigmatism is not a serious refractive problem inThis region compared to the rest of the world.
The epidemics of myopia: Aetiology and prevention
TLDR
Combining increased time outdoors in schools, to slow the onset of myopia, with clinical methods for slowing myopic progression, should lead to the control of this epidemic, which would otherwise pose a major health challenge.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 108 REFERENCES
Prevalence and risk factors for myopia in a rural Korean population.
TLDR
Assessment of the prevalence and risk factors of myopia in 19-year-old males in Jeju, a rural area of Korea found that university students in their fourth to sixth years showed a higher risk for myopia than those with lower academic achievement.
High Prevalence of Myopia in an Adult Population, Shahroud, Iran
TLDR
The prevalence of myopia was unexpectedly higher than that found in other parts of the Middle East and lower than that previously reported in Iran; however, nuclear cataract was the most important risk factor for myopia.
Does Education Explain Ethnic Differences in Myopia Prevalence? A Population-Based Study of Young Adult Males in Singapore
TLDR
There is a high prevalence of myopia in Singapore and education was strongly associated with prevalence and severity, but interethnic variation observed was not fully explained by differences in education level.
Evidence for an "epidemic" of myopia.
TLDR
There appears to be inadequate support for large-scale interventions to prevent or delay myopia at the present time because of the relatively weak evidence in favour of a large cohort effect for myopia in East Asia.
Prevalence, incidence, and progression of myopia of school children in Hong Kong.
TLDR
The results show that the prevalence and progression of myopia in Hong Kong children was much higher than those previously reported in Western countries.
Myopia and age-related cataract: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
It is confirmed that myopia was associated with increasingly prevalent nuclear and PSC cataract, and the association of myopia with incidence of age-related cataracts could not be confirmed in meta-analysis of 4 study findings.
Epidemiologic study of the prevalence and severity of myopia among schoolchildren in Taiwan in 2000.
TLDR
The prevalence and severity of myopia in schoolchildren in Taiwan in 2000 increased compared to 1995, with the most severe increases occurring in younger age groups, thus, preventing schoolchildren developing myopia at a young age may slow down the increase in severity ofMyopia in Taiwan.
Age-related decreases in the prevalence of myopia: longitudinal change or cohort effect?
TLDR
The prevalence of myopia appears to decrease because of an intrinsic age-related decrease in the amount of an individual's myopia rather than because of a cohort effect of increasing prevalence over time.
Myopia as a risk factor for open-angle glaucoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
Individuals with myopia have an increased risk of developing open-angle glaucoma and study-specific odds ratios were pooled using a random effects model to determine this association.
Prevalence of myopia and its association with body stature and educational level in 19-year-old male conscripts in seoul, South Korea.
TLDR
The 19-year-old male population in Seoul, Korea, demonstrated a very high myopic prevalence and myopic refractive error was associated with academic achievement, not with body stature.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...