The African Americanization of menthol cigarette use in the United States.

@article{Gardiner2004TheAA,
  title={The African Americanization of menthol cigarette use in the United States.},
  author={P. Gardiner},
  journal={Nicotine \& tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
  year={2004},
  volume={6 Suppl 1},
  pages={
          S55-65
        }
}
  • P. Gardiner
  • Published 2004
  • Medicine
  • Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Today, over 70% of African American smokers prefer menthol cigarettes, compared with 30% of White smokers. This unique social phenomenon was principally occasioned by the tobacco industry's masterful manipulation of the burgeoning Black, urban, segregated, consumer market in the 1960s. Through the use of television and other advertising media, coupled with culturally tailored images and messages, the tobacco industry "African Americanized" menthol cigarettes. The tobacco industry successfully… Expand
An intersectional approach to the menthol cigarette problem: what’s race(ism) got to do with it?
Abstract Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Tobacco industry reports document the systematic targeting of menthol cigarettes in Black communities, andExpand
Perceptions of Menthol Cigarettes and Reasons for Unsuccessful Quits in an African American Community Sample
TLDR
Media campaigns and educational interventions that highlight the dangers of menthol and promote cessation resources are needed to help reduce the pernicious effects of Menthol in the African American community. Expand
The decline of menthol cigarette smoking in Australia, 1980-2008.
TLDR
Trends in the market share of menthol brands in Australia among both adolescents and adults suggest that targeted marketing plays a major role in determining menthol brand market share. Expand
Small-group discussions on menthol cigarettes: listening to adult African American smokers in Atlanta, Georgia
TLDR
Small-group discussions with adult African American smokers in 2005 found that emulation of black culture by white youth and racial integration of neighborhoods and communities may have modified the perception that African Americans smoke menthol cigarettes and whites smoke non-menthol cigarettes. Expand
Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation among racial/ethnic groups in the United States.
TLDR
Across race/ethnic groups, those who used to regularly smoke mentholated cigarettes were less likely to have experienced long-term quitting success, and cessation programs should consider the type of cigarette typically smoked by participants, particularly menthols. Expand
Menthol cigarette smoking among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults.
TLDR
It is suggested that efforts to reduce menthol cigarette use may have the potential to reduce tobacco use and tobacco-related disease and death among LGBT adults. Expand
Restricting Sales of Menthol Tobacco Products: Lessons Learned from Policy Passage and Implementation in Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Duluth, Minnesota
TLDR
Well-planned advocacy campaigns led by community members most impacted by commercial tobacco can overcome opposition and challenges to restrict sales of menthol tobacco products and successfully reduce availability of these products in their communities. Expand
Development and Validation of a Scale to Assess Attitudes and Beliefs About Menthol Cigarettes Among African American Smokers
TLDR
New measures presented in this article could be useful for tailoring cessation interventions to individual smokers’ attitudes and beliefs about menthol cigarettes, especially among smokers who are older, male, and/or have low levels of education. Expand
African American adolescents and menthol cigarettes: smoking behavior among secondary school students.
  • J. Muilenburg, J. S. Legge
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
  • 2008
TLDR
There is a strong interaction effect with black menthol smokers demonstrating the highest levels of cigarette consumption and any proposed legislation should consider the special problems of menthol and its relationship to high cigarette consumption, especially for African American adolescents. Expand
"Because there's just something about that menthol": Exploring African American Smokers' Perspectives on Menthol Smoking and Local Menthol Sales Restrictions.
TLDR
Sales restrictions can provide a unique opportunity to persuade menthol smokers to quit and there is a need for public education to increase awareness of menthol's harms, to help Menthol smokers quit, and to increase support for menthol policies. Expand
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