The Aerodynamics of Free-Flight Maneuvers in Drosophila

@article{Fry2003TheAO,
  title={The Aerodynamics of Free-Flight Maneuvers in Drosophila},
  author={Steven N. Fry and Rosalyn W. Sayaman and Michael H. Dickinson},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={300},
  pages={495 - 498}
}
Using three-dimensional infrared high-speed video, we captured the wing and body kinematics of free-flying fruit flies as they performed rapid flight maneuvers. We then “replayed” the wing kinematics on a dynamically scaled robotic model to measure the aerodynamic forces produced by the wings. The results show that a fly generates rapid turns with surprisingly subtle modifications in wing motion, which nonetheless generate sufficient torque for the fly to rotate its body through each turn. The… 
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References and Notes
our experimentation could eventually be used to discredit our findings, should they happen not to agree with the original observations. It seems important that all experiments in the rapidly
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