The Adapted Cities Framework

  title={The Adapted Cities Framework},
  author={Jered B. Carr and Shanthi Karuppusamy},
  journal={Urban Affairs Review},
  pages={875 - 886}
Analysts are calling attention to a new era of municipal reform and to the convergence of the mayor-council and council-manager forms of government. H. George Frederickson, Gary Johnson, and Curtis Wood have proposed a new framework that explains the nature and extent of this convergence. The authors think this “adapted cities” framework is a potentially important advance in the understanding of municipal structure but note that empirical scholars have largely ignored the framework. This stems… Expand
Beyond Ideal Types of Municipal Structure
Increasingly, scholars of local governments are calling attention to a new era of municipal reform and to the convergence of the mayor-council and council-manager forms of governments. A majorExpand
A Century of Municipal Reform in the United States
In this article, we examine the legacy of four progressive reforms intended to secure “good” government—the model city charter, the council-manager plan, city management professionalism, andExpand
Reassessing the Link Between City Structure and Fiscal Policy
This study assesses the proposition that local government structure affects municipal expenditure levels. Despite decades of research, this question remains unsettled. Early on, analyses of thisExpand
Using the adapted cities framework to evaluate per capita expenditures in small U.S. municipalities
Researchers have generally compared council-manager municipalities against mayor-council forms when seeking to measure the efficiency gains envisioned by early twentieth century reformers. ManyExpand
Understanding CEO Role Perception and Time Usage: Are New Municipal Typologies Useful?
In recent years local government scholars have sought to more explicitly describe the diverse structures that exist within municipalities by developing typologies that extend beyond the traditionalExpand
City Managers’ Policy Leadership in Council-Manager Cities
City managers’ policy leadership has drawn great attention from scholars of public administration. However, what factors explain variation in managers’ policy-making roles has not been systematicallyExpand
The Determinants of Municipal Structures on a Political-Administrative Dimension
Adjusting municipal structures and cross-adoption of structural characteristics between mayor-council and council-manager municipalities have been common in the United States in recent decades. ThisExpand
Form of Government Still Matters
Using data on the adoption of e-government, reinventing government, and strategic practices, and the Nelson and Svara (2010) typology of municipal government form, the authors investigate theExpand
What Have We Learned about the Performance of Council‐Manager Government? A Review and Synthesis of the Research
The 100th anniversary of the International City/County Management Association provides an excellent point to review and assess research on the performance of the council-manager form of government. Expand
Interjurisdictional Competition and Local Public Finance: Assessing the Modifying Effects of Institutional Incentives and Fiscal Constraints
Analysts have sought for years to explain the variations in municipal expenditures across communities, with only modest success. However, recent efforts combining core propositions from theExpand


CHECKS AND BALANCES IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT: City Charter Amendments and Revisions in Michigan 1960–1985
ABSTRACT:City charter amendments and revisions in Michigan cities during the last 25 years reflect the shift in local governmental structures away from classical models that posit a separation ofExpand
Exploring Structures and Institutions in City Government
James C. Clingermayer and Richard C. Feiock, Institutional Constraints and Policy Choice: An Exploration of Local Governance H. George Frederickson, Gary A. Wood, and Curtis H. Wood, TheExpand