The Adapted Cities Framework

  title={The Adapted Cities Framework},
  author={Jered B. Carr and Shanthi Karuppusamy},
  journal={Urban Affairs Review},
  pages={875 - 886}
Analysts are calling attention to a new era of municipal reform and to the convergence of the mayor-council and council-manager forms of government. H. George Frederickson, Gary Johnson, and Curtis Wood have proposed a new framework that explains the nature and extent of this convergence. The authors think this “adapted cities” framework is a potentially important advance in the understanding of municipal structure but note that empirical scholars have largely ignored the framework. This stems… 
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