The Activity and Size of the Nucleus of Comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1)

@article{Weaver1997TheAA,
  title={The Activity and Size of the Nucleus of Comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1)},
  author={H. Weaver and Paul D. Feldman and Michael F. A’Hearn and Claude Arpigny and John Conrad Brandt and Michel C. Festou and Michael Haken and Jason B. McPhate and S. Alan Stern and Gian Paolo Tozzi},
  journal={Science},
  year={1997},
  volume={275},
  pages={1900 - 1904}
}
Analysis of Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images of comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1) suggests that the effective diameter of the nucleus is between 27 to 42 kilometers, which is at least three times larger than that of comet P/Halley. The International Ultraviolet Explorer and HST spectra showed emissions from OH (a tracer of H2O) and CS (a tracer of CS2) starting in April 1996, and from the CO Cameron system (which primarily traces CO2) starting in June 1996. The variation of the H2O production rate… 

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Production, Outflow Velocity, and Radial Distribution of H2O and OH in the Coma of Comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) from Wide-Field Imaging of OH

Observations of OH are a useful proxy of the water production rate (Q) and outflow velocity (V) in comets. From wide-field images taken on 1997 March 28 and April 8 that capture the entire scale
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