Determination of biofilm production by Candida tropicalis isolated from hospitalized patients and its relation to cellular surface hydrophobicity, plastic adherence and filamentation ability.
Adhesion and biofilm formation, which can occur on abiotic and biotic surfaces, are key components in Candida pathogenicity. The aims of this study were to infer about the C. tropicalis clinical isolates ability to adhere and form biofilm on abiotic and biotic surfaces and to correlate that with the multilocus sequence typing and other virulence factors. Adhesion and biofilm formation were measured in 68 C. tropicalis isolates from 3 hospitals in China on abiotic (polystyrene) and biotic (human urinary bladder epithelial cell) surfaces by crystal violet assay and 2,3-bis (2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfo-phenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide reduction assay. In our study, almost all C. tropicalis isolates could adhere and produce biofilm on abiotic and biotic surfaces in a strain-dependent manner. The isolates from blood showed relatively lower adhesion and biofilm capacity on polystyrene surface, but had strong secreted aspartyl proteinase activity. Moreover, significant differences were found among MLST groups for adhesion and biofilm capacity. C. tropicalis in multilocus sequence typing group5 and group6 showed high adhesion and biofilm, while isolates in group1 exhibited low adhesion and biofilm formation. Overall, it is important to note that C. tropicalis isolates adhere to and produce biofilm on abiotic and biotic surfaces with strain specificity. These data will play an important role in subsequent research on the pathogenesis of C. tropicalis.