The Achilles' Heel of Liberal IR Theory? Globalization and Conflict in the Pre–World War I Era

  title={The Achilles' Heel of Liberal IR Theory? Globalization and Conflict in the Pre–World War I Era},
  author={Patrick McDonald and Kevin P Sweeney},
  journal={World Politics},
  pages={370 - 403}
Despite substantial evidence that international trade has promoted peace in the post–World War II era, the commercial peace research program still faces an important historical challenge. Dramatic economic integration in the nineteenth century failed to prevent the increasing interstate hostilities that culminated in the outbreak of war in 1914. This article uses a theoretical revision grounded in standard trade theory to reexamine the relationship between commerce and peace in the fifty years… 
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