The 2008 Declaration of Helsinki — First among Equals in Research Ethics?

  title={The 2008 Declaration of Helsinki — First among Equals in Research Ethics?},
  author={Annette Rid and H Schmidt},
  journal={The Journal of Law, Medicine \& Ethics},
  pages={143 - 148}
  • A. Rid, H. Schmidt
  • Published 2010
  • Medicine, Political Science
  • The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
The World Medical Association's (WMA) Declaration of Helsinki is one of the most important and influential international research ethics documents. Launched in 1964, when ethical guidance for research was scarce, the Declaration comprised eleven basic principles and provisions on clinical research. The document has since evolved to a complex set of principles, norms, and directions for action of varying degrees of specificity, ranging from specific rules to broad aspirational statements. It has… Expand
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