The 1988–89 Nanjing Anti-African Protests: Racial Nationalism or National Racism?

@article{Sullivan1994The1N,
  title={The 1988–89 Nanjing Anti-African Protests: Racial Nationalism or National Racism?},
  author={Michael Sullivan},
  journal={The China Quarterly},
  year={1994},
  volume={138},
  pages={438 - 457}
}
The 1988–89 Nanjing Anti-African protests, exposing a high degree of student discontent towards the Chinese political system four months before the spring 1989 pro-democracy movement, exhibited a complex interaction between Chinese nationalism and efforts to promote political reforms. Nanjing students fused together racist strains in Chinese culture, their perception of themselves as the embodiment of Chinese patriotism and their support for legal and democratic political reforms as they took… 
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