The 1988–89 Nanjing Anti-African Protests: Racial Nationalism or National Racism?

  title={The 1988–89 Nanjing Anti-African Protests: Racial Nationalism or National Racism?},
  author={Michael Sullivan},
  journal={The China Quarterly},
  pages={438 - 457}
The 1988–89 Nanjing Anti-African protests, exposing a high degree of student discontent towards the Chinese political system four months before the spring 1989 pro-democracy movement, exhibited a complex interaction between Chinese nationalism and efforts to promote political reforms. Nanjing students fused together racist strains in Chinese culture, their perception of themselves as the embodiment of Chinese patriotism and their support for legal and democratic political reforms as they took… 
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Confucian China and its modern fate : the problem of intellectual continuity
  • W. Franke
  • History
    The Journal of Asian Studies
  • 1959
The value of this monograph is enhanced by twelve appendices of critical and statistical material, some of which correct errors in the oft-quoted figures of G. C. Klerk de Reus {Geschichtlicher