The 1986 Lake Nyos Gas Disaster in Cameroon, West Africa

  title={The 1986 Lake Nyos Gas Disaster in Cameroon, West Africa},
  author={G. Kling and M. A. Clark and G. N. Wagner and H. Compton and A. M. Humphrey and J. D. Devine and W. C. Evans and J. Lockwood and M. Tuttle and E. Koenigsberg},
  pages={169 - 175}
  • G. Kling, M. A. Clark, +7 authors E. Koenigsberg
  • Published 1987
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Science
  • The sudden, catastrophic release of gas from Lake Nyos on 21 August 1986 caused the deaths of at least 1700 people in the northwest area of Cameroon, West Africa. Chemical, isotopic, geologic, and medical evidence support the hypotheses that (i) the bulk of gas released was carbon dioxide that had been stored in the lake's hypolimnion, (ii) the victims exposed to the gas cloud died of carbon dioxide asphyxiation, (iii) the carbon dioxide was derived from magmatic sources, and (iv) there was no… CONTINUE READING
    316 Citations

    Topics from this paper

    Modeling the Lake Nyos gas disaster
    • J. Fay
    • Environmental Science
    • 1988
    • 2
    Medical evaluation of the victims of the 1986 Lake Nyos disaster.
    • 21
    Gas bursts from cameroon crater lakes: a new natural hazard.
    • 16


    Methane in Lake Kivu: New Data Bearing on Its Origin
    • 103