The 1914 cleansing of Aegean Greeks as a case of violent Turkification

  title={The 1914 cleansing of Aegean Greeks as a case of violent Turkification},
  author={Matthias Bj{\o}rnlund},
  journal={Journal of Genocide Research},
  pages={41 - 58}
In 1992, Greek historian Ioannis Hassiotis wrote that “[i]t is strange that both Greek and Armenian historians should have treated the first persecutions of the Greeks in 1913–14 and the Armenian G... 
Ethnonationalism, Irredentism, and Empire
The chapter shows that the allied Balkan states’ war propaganda and the methods of “othering” employed in the construction of the “enemy” operated basically on three levels: First, the “crusade”
Violent Uprooting and Forced Migration: A Demographic Analysis of the Greek Populations of AsiaMinor, Pontus and Eastern Thrace
This article systematically examines the historical demography of Greek refugees from Asia Minor, Pontus and Eastern Thrace from the beginning of the 1910s until the aftermath of the signing of the
Defending the Nation? Maintaining Turkey's Narrative of the Armenian Genocide
This paper focuses on two recent periods in which agents of the Turkish state actively defended Turkey's official narrative of the Armenian genocide. I argue that the set of strategies developed by
The elimination of Armenians and Greeks as part of Turkish nation building
Like many other instances of nation building, Turkish nation building was a violent process. However, accounts of it usually focus on its constructive side or deal only with aspects of its
Th e Armenian Metz Yeghern, one hundred years later: an "unresolved" case of genocide and the development of international norms
K e y w o r d s : Armenian Genocide, transnational memory, constructivism, international norms, international law. It is often argued that the current international human rights regime is rooted in
“The Enemy Within”?: Armenians, Jews, the Military Crises of 1915 and the Genocidal Origins of the “Minorities Question”
This chapter identifies two simultaneous First World War military crises, the one Ottoman, the other Russian, with major consequences in the way post-war nation-states began “seeing” minorities and
Norms, Narratives, and Scholarship on the Armenian Genocide
Analyzing the politics of the past in the context of the Armenian Genocide reveals an evolving interplay between international norms, official narratives, and broader discourses. This short essay
The Trajectory of Democracy: The Social Roots of Regime Change in Turkey
This dissertation is an analysis of the long-term trajectory of democracy in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic with a focus on class relations, revolutionary struggles and coups d’etat over
Producing Ottomans: Internal Colonization and Social Engineering in Ottoman Immigrant Settlement
ABSTRACT In the past decade, historians of the Armenian Genocide have productively explored broader trends in Ottoman population politics to situate the genocide within the totality of Ottoman social
‘A Fate Worse Than Dying’: Sexual Violence during the Armenian Genocide
The above quote, taken from a letter written 6 August 1915 by F. H. Leslie, US missionary in the Ottoman city of Urfa, to US Consul Jesse B. Jackson in Aleppo, encapsulates much of what was the


Armenia, the survival of a nation
Part 1 Theatre of perpetual war: the realm of the sultans northern light the infirmaties of autocracy. Part II Empires in the west - from the Ottomans to the British: no help came the rebirth of
When Persecution Bleeds into Mass Murder: The Processive Nature of Genocide
In the rapidly developing historiography of the Armenian Genocide, the processive character of pre-genocidal persecutions has received less attention than the genocidal process itself. This article
Top Hat, Grey Wolf and Crescent: Turkish Nationalism and the Turkish Republic
Part One Setting the scene: nationalism the peoples and institutions of the Ottoman Empire nationalist penetration and Ottoman/Turkish responses. Part Two The main contenders: the top-hat secular
Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust
Foreword by Leo Kuper Preface 1: Introduction: Overview and Major Themes Pt. I: Armenians and Jews under the Old Regimes in the Ottoman Empire and Imperial Germany 2: Armenians in the Ottoman Empire:
Memoirs of a Russian Diplomat: Outposts of the Empire, 1893–1917 . By Andrew D. Kalmykow. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971. Pp. 290. $12.50.)
pies had mainly provided convenient precedents through which the forcible seizure of the throne by an imperial prince or the founder of a new dynasty could be legitimized. In southern Sung there had
From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide
* Preface * Introduction * 1. What Are Turkey's Fundamental Problems? A Model for Understanding Turkey Today * 2. A Theoretical Approach to Understanding Turkish National Identity * 3. Some Aspects
Background for Conflict: Greece, Turkey, and the Aegean Islands, 1912-1914
The question of the Aegean islands forms an important and neglected juncture in the development of international affairs. Combining Balkan antagonisms, great power rivalries, arms races, and the
Racial Migrations in the Balkans during the Years 1912-1924
those amazing sheets of fluted snow which are such an outstanding feature of the mountains in that part of the world. I have often gazed upon these vast walls of fluted snow with feelings of