The 1912–13 Balkan Wars and the Siege of Edirne

  title={The 1912–13 Balkan Wars and the Siege of Edirne},
  author={S. T. Wasti},
  journal={Middle Eastern Studies},
  pages={59 - 78}
  • S. T. Wasti
  • Published 2004
  • Sociology
  • Middle Eastern Studies
Depending on the angle of view, the first and second Balkan wars of 1912– 13 have been considered either as the culmination of a freedom struggle for the Christian nations of south-eastern Europe or as a final crusade against the fading Ottoman empire or, more neutrally, as the sparring prelude to the First World War. The sequence of events in the two Balkan wars may be followed from the several sources that are available. The unprovoked Italian attack on the North African Ottoman province of… Expand
Violence and civilians during the Balkan Wars (1912–1913)
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