The 1883 eruption of Krakatau

  title={The 1883 eruption of Krakatau},
  author={Stephen Self and Michael R. Rampino},
The 1883 eruption of Krakatau was a modest ignimbrite-forming event. The deposits are primarily coarse-grained dacitic, non-welded ignimbrite. Large explosions produced pyroclastic flows that entered the sea, generating destructive tsunami. Grain-size studies of the ignimbrite suggest that these explosions were not driven by magma–seawater interaction. The total bulk volume of pyroclastic deposits, including co-ignimbrite ash, is estimated to be 18–21 km3. 

Generation mechanism of tsunamis from the 1883 Krakatau Eruption

The 1883 eruption of Krakatau generated a destructive tsunami which claimed about 34,000 lives. We compute the generation and propagation of tsunamis from three models previously proposed. They are

The Great Tambora Eruption in 1815 and Its Aftermath

Data and methods are used to reconstruct the course of events during and after the cataclysmic eruption of Mount Tambora, Indonesia, on 10 and 11 April 1815, the world's greatest ash eruption since the end of the last Ice Age.


The geological record contains evidence of rare, explosive supereruptions that have covered whole continents with volcanic ash and have global long-term recurrence intervals estimated to be in the

Emplacement of a Debris Avalanche during the 1883 eruption of Krakatau (Sunda Straits, Indonesia)

ConclusionThe data collected during the “Mentawai” cruise help to clarify understanding of the 1883 eruption of Krakatau. We have previously discussed the weaknesses of the interpretation of Williams

Monitoring Anak Krakatau Volcano in Indonesia

Krakatau volcano, in Indonesia, showed its destructive vigor when it exploded in 1883 [Self and Rampino, 1981].The eruption and subsequent tsunami caused more than 35,000 casualties along the coasts

A Silicic Pyroclastic-flow Eruption and Pyroclastic Surges from the Kikai Caldera Volcano in the Last Interglacial Stage

The Kikai caldera volcano located under water in East China Sea is one of the most gigantic calderas in southern Kyushu. At the caldera, a violent eruption occurred from the submarine vent, at ca.

Coupling eruption and tsunami records: the Krakatau 1883 case study, Indonesia

The well-documented 1883 eruption of Krakatau volcano (Indonesia) offers an opportunity to couple the eruption’s history with the tsunami record. The aim of this paper is not to re-analyse the

Eruptions that Shook the World

Preface 1. Fire and brimstone: how volcanoes work 2. Eruption styles, hazards and ecosystem impacts 3. Volcanoes and global climate change 4. Forensic volcanology 5. Relics, myths and chronicles 6.

Krakatau revisited: The course of events and interpretation of the 1883 eruption

Magma chamber over-pressuring by volatile saturation and/or a magma mixing event may have triggered the 1883 eruption of Krakatau. From the beginning of activity on 20 May to the onset of the 22–24



The volcanological significance of deep-sea ash layers associated with ignimbrites

Summary Many volcanic ash layers preserved in deep-sea sediments are the products of large magnitude ignimbrite eruptions. The characteristics of such co-ignimbrite ash-fall deposits are illustrated

A volcanic ash generated by explosions where ignimbrite entered the sea

A remarkably widely dispersed and crystal-rich volcanic ash-fall deposit is described, which resulted from immense explosions generated in the littoral zone in New Zealand where a major rhyolitic

Products of Ignimbrite Eruptions

Many ignimbrite flow units show a reverse grading of large pumice clasts and a normal grading of large lithic clasts. Each ignimbrite flow unit has a basal layer finer grained than the body of the

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The Recent volcanology of Terceira, Azores

  • S. Self
  • Geology
    Journal of the Geological Society
  • 1976
Terceira shows a great diversity of lavas and pyroclastics for an oceanic island and is noteworthy for voluminous production of peralkaline salic magma. Four volcanoes form the island; three are

The exceptional magnitude and intensity of the Toba eruption, sumatra: An example of the use of deep-sea tephra layers as a geological tool

The eruption of Toba (75,000 years BP), Sumatra, is the largest magnitude eruption documented from the Quaternary. The eruption produced the largest-known caldera the dimensions of which are 100 × 30

Results of the 1960 expedition to Krakatau

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