The 150-Year History of English Language Assessment in Japanese Education.

@inproceedings{Sasaki2008The1H,
  title={The 150-Year History of English Language Assessment in Japanese Education.},
  author={Miyuki Sasaki},
  year={2008}
}
In the present study I describe the 150-year history of school-based English language assessment in Japan. The history is divided into four major periods according to the purposes of English language education set by the government in the different periods: (1) 1860 to 1945, when English was first introduced and taught in schools mainly for elite classes; (2) 1945 to 1970, when English became part of the compulsory education for the first time; (3) 1970 to 1990 when English began to be regarded… CONTINUE READING

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