The 12,460-Year Hohenheim Oak and Pine Tree-Ring Chronology from Central Europe—A Unique Annual Record for Radiocarbon Calibration and Paleoenvironment Reconstructions

  title={The 12,460-Year Hohenheim Oak and Pine Tree-Ring Chronology from Central Europe—A Unique Annual Record for Radiocarbon Calibration and Paleoenvironment Reconstructions},
  author={Michael Friedrich and Sabine Remmele and Bernd Kromer and J. Hofmann and Marco Spurk and Klaus Felix Kaiser and Christian Orcel and Manfred K{\"u}ppers},
  pages={1111 - 1122}
The combined oak and pine tree-ring chronologies of Hohenheim University are the backbone of the Holocene radiocarbon calibration for central Europe. Here, we present the revised Holocene oak chronology (HOC) and the Preboreal pine chronology (PPC) with respect to revisions, critical links, and extensions. Since 1998, the HOC has been strengthened by new trees starting at 10,429 BP (8480 BC). Oaks affected by cockchafer have been identified and discarded from the chronology. The formerly… 

The 443-Year Tree-Ring Chronology for the Scots Pine from Upper Silesia (Poland) as A Dating Tool and Climate Proxy

Abstract An annually resolved and absolutely dated ring-width chronology spanning 443 years has been constructed using the historical and living-tree Scots pine samples from the Upper Silesia, south

A 548-Year Tree-Ring Chronology of Oak (Quercus spp.) for Southeast Slovenia and its Significance as a Dating Tool and Climate Archive

Tree-ring series of oak, from both living trees (Quercus petraea and Q. robur) and historic timbers in southeastern Slovenia were assembled into a 548-year regional chronology spanning the period

Onset of the Younger Dryas Recorded with 14C at Annual Resolution in French Subfossil Trees

ABSTRACT Subfossil trees with their annual rings constitute the most accurate and precise archive to calibrate the radiocarbon (14C) method. The Holocene part of the IntCal curve is based on

Late Glacial Atmospheric Radiocarbon Variations Recorded in Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Wood from KwiatkÓw, Central Poland

ABSTRACT Our project aimed to construct a Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) chronology for part of the Late Glacial and reconstruct changes in the 14C concentrations during this period. Kwiatków

Single-Year German oak and Californian Bristlecone Pine 14C Data at the Beginning of the Hallstatt Plateau from 856 BC to 626 BC

ABSTRACT As part of the ongoing effort to improve the Northern Hemisphere radiocarbon (14C) calibration curve, this study investigates the period of 856 BC to 626 BC (2805–2575 yr BP) with a total of

A 1400-Year Bølling-Allerød Tree-Ring Record from the U.S. Great Lakes Region

Abstract Since the late 19th Century, geologists and naturalists working in the US Midwest have reported an abundance of tree macrofossils embedded in glacial and lacustrine deposits formed after the

New tree-ring evidence for the Late Glacial period from the northern pre-Alps in eastern Switzerland




Revisions and Extension of the Hohenheim Oak and Pine Chronologies: New Evidence About the Timing of the Younger Dryas/Preboreal Transition

Oak and pine samples housed at the Institute of Botany, University of Hohenheim, are the backbone of the early Holocene part of the radiocarbon calibration curve, published in 1993 (Becker 1993;

A 7,272-year tree-ring chronology for western Europe

Long tree-ring chronologies provide a unique calendrical record that is of value for archaeological dating, climatic and post-glacial studies. They also form a standard for the calibration of the

Dating prehistoric bog‐fires in northern England to calendar years by long‐distance cross‐matching of pine chronologies

The ages of prehistoric fires can be approximated by radiocarbon dating of charcoal or associated material, but such dating is often inaccurate and at best imprecise. Pine trunks preserved in British

Late Glacial 14C Ages from a Floating, 1382-Ring Pine Chronology

We built a floating, 1382-ring pine chronology covering the radiocarbon age interval of 12,000 to 10,650 BP. Based on the strong rise of Δ14C at the onset of the Younger Dryas (YD) and

Revision and Tentative Extension of the Tree-Ring Based 14C Calibration, 9200–11,855 cal BP

We report radiocarbon calibration data based on the revised German oak and pine series. The age range of the absolutely dated German oak series has been extended to 10,430 cal bp. The German pine

An 11,000-Year German Oak and Pine Dendrochronology for Radiocarbon Calibration

  • B. Becker
  • Environmental Science
  • 1993
Sequences of dendrodated tree rings provide ideal sources for radiocarbon calibration. The wood structure of trees consists of continuous series of annual growth layers, the carbon content of which

Intcal04 Terrestrial Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 0–26 Cal Kyr BP

A new calibration curve for the conversion of radiocarbon ages to calibrated (cal) ages has been constructed and internationally ratified to replace IntCal98, which extended from 0–24 cal kyr BP

Depositional frequency of German subfossil oaks: climatically and non-climatically induced fluctuations in the Holocene

A highly resolved record of the depositional frequency of subfossil trees since 8263 bc in the valley of the River Main is presented. Different aspects of forest dynamics are explored including