The (Fe)male Robot: How Robot Body Shape Impacts First Impressions and Trust Towards Robots

  title={The (Fe)male Robot: How Robot Body Shape Impacts First Impressions and Trust Towards Robots},
  author={Jasmin Bernotat and Friederike Eyssel and Janik Sachse},
  journal={International Journal of Social Robotics},
Humanlikeness, including robot gender, impacts people’s impression of social robots (Eyssel and Hegel in J Appl Soc Psychol 42(9):2213–2230, 2012) and actual human robot interaction (HRI) (Kuchenbrandt et al. in Int J Soc Robot 6(3):417–427, 2014; Reich-Stiebert and Eyssel in Proceedings of the 2017 ACM/IEEE international conference on human–robot interaction, ACM, pp 166–176, 2017). Although robot gender has been manipulated in various ways in previous research (Alexander et al. in Proceedings… 
The Interplay Between Emotional Intelligence, Trust, and Gender in Human–Robot Interaction
Surprisingly, it is found that people trusted the robot more when the interaction was presented in text format, going against the hypothesis that spoken dialogue would evoke more social presence and thus bolster EI perception and instill more trust.
Robot's Gendering Trouble: A Scoping Review of Gendering Humanoid Robots and its Effects on HRI
The discussion around the problematic practice of gendering humanoid robots has risen to the foreground in the last few years. To lay the basis for a thorough understanding of how robot’s “gender”
The Effects of Robot’s Facial Expressions on Children’s First Impressions of Trustworthiness
It was observed that emotion type, emotion intensity, and gender-likeness did not directly affect trust, but the perception of likability and competence of the robot served as facilitator to judge trustworthiness.
Uncanny, Sexy, and Threatening Robots: The Online Community's Attitude to and Perceptions of Robots Varying in Humanlikeness and Gender
Commentary on online videos depicting robots of different humanlikeness and gender takes into account the robot's gender, its appearance, its societal impact, the attribution of mental states, and how people attribute human stereotypes to robots to indicate that moderately humanlike robot design may be preferable over highly humanlike Robots because it is less associated with negative attitudes and perceptions.
Human–robot interaction through the lens of social psychological theories of intergroup behavior.
This paper reviews our program of research on human-robot interaction, which is grounded in theory and research on human intergroup relations from the field of social psychology. Under the “computers
How Human-like Behavior of Service Robot Affects Social Distance: A Mediation Model and Cross-Cultural Comparison
Previous studies on the human likeness of service robots have focused mainly on their human-like appearance and used psychological constructs to measure the outcomes of human likeness. Unlike
Why Context Matters: The Influence of Application Domain on Preferred Degree of Anthropomorphism and Gender Attribution in Human–Robot Interaction
The application of anthropomorphic design features is widely believed to facilitate human–robot interaction. However, the preference for robots’ anthropomorphism is highly context sensitive, as
Trust and Cognitive Load During Human-Robot Interaction
There was an inversely proportional relationship between trust and cognitive load, suggesting that as the amount of cognitive load increased in the participants, their ratings of trust decreased, and the impact of physical anthropomorphism in combination with variable error-rates of the robot.
An Immersive Investment Game to Study Human-Robot Trust
It is concluded that the HRI scenario is an appropriate method to measure trust in human-robot interaction and also to study how non-verbal communication influences a human’s trust in robots.
Influencing robot influence
In the near future, robots will function in social roles and attempt to influence the user’s behavior and / or thinking. The current contribution analyses how to influence robot influence:


Shape It - The Influence of Robot Body Shape on Gender Perception in Robots
It is demonstrated that robot body shape activates stereotypes toward robots, which in turn, deeply impact people’s attitudes and trust toward robots which determine people‘s motivation to engage in HRI.
(S)he's Got the Look: Gender Stereotyping of Robots1
Previous research on gender effects in robots has largely ignored the role of facial cues. We fill this gap in the literature by experimentally investigating the effects of facial gender cues on
Feminizing Robots: User Responses to Gender Cues on Robot Body and Screen
An experiment examining the effect of gender cue and cue location upon user evaluations of a robot elicited greater perceptions of robot femininity than male interface cues, especially when conveyed via the screen.
A Meta-Analysis of Factors Affecting Trust in Human-Robot Interaction
Factors related to the robot itself, specifically, its performance, had the greatest current association with trust, and environmental factors were moderately associated; there was little evidence for effects of human-related factors.
A robot at home — How affect, technology commitment, and personality traits influence user experience in an intelligent robotics apartment
  • Jasmin Bernotat, F. Eyssel
  • Computer Science
    2017 26th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN)
  • 2017
These findings show that user characteristics and, by tendency, the ease of task impact HRI within an intelligent apartment.
Asking for Help from a Gendered Robot
Findings indicate that gender effects can be generated in human-robot collab- oration through relatively unobtrusive gendering methods and that they may not align with predictions from psychology.
Robot-stated limitations but not intentions promote user assistance
A study of 364 participants indicates that individuals may prefer to use likable social robots ahead of those designed to appear more capable; this outcome reflects known social decisions in human interpersonal relationships.
On seeing human: a three-factor theory of anthropomorphism.
A theory to explain when people are likely to anthropomorphize and when they are not is described, focused on three psychological determinants--the accessibility and applicability of anthropocentric knowledge, the motivation to explain and understand the behavior of other agents, and the desire for social contact and affiliation.
(Ir)relevance of Gender? on the Influence of Gender Stereotypes on Learning with a Robot
The results suggest that prevailing gender stereotypes associated with learning do not apply to robots that perform gender-stereotypical tasks, and indicate that a mismatch of robot gender and gender typicality of the respective task led to increased willingness to engage in prospective learning processes with the robot.