The “interior” and the “exterior” in historical China: A re-clarification of the concepts of “China” and the “periphery”

  title={The “interior” and the “exterior” in historical China: A re-clarification of the concepts of “China” and the “periphery”},
  author={Ge Zhaoguang},
  journal={Chinese Studies in History},
  pages={28 - 4}
  • Ge Zhaoguang
  • Published 2 January 2018
  • Sociology
  • Chinese Studies in History
ABSTRACT The key questions discussed in this article are: What was “China”? What were the “peripheries”? What was the “interior” and what was the “exterior”? The author points out that from Qin-Han dynasties onward, while China’s core remained stable, its peripheries were in constant change. In certain historical periods, some regions became parts of China whereas in other times, they were “foreign”. As such, it is unwise to view and write about China’s past from the present’s perspective… 
3 Citations

From Tianxia to Tianxia: The Generalization of a Concept

  • S. Babones
  • Education
    Chinese Political Science Review
  • 2019
The philosopher Zhao Tingyang argues that some 3000 years ago there existed a meaningful Chinese tianxia, at the time of the classical Zhou Dynasty. But what does the term mean today? And what does

Narrating Chinese Occidentalism: American Migrants’ Experiences of Everyday Otherness in China

Despite the growth in numbers of Westerners in China, research focusing on this body of international migrants remains scarce. This article focuses on Chinese Occidentalism’s mundane manifestations



The Qing formation in world-historical time

For many years, the Ming and Qing dynasties have been grouped as "late imperial China," a temporal framework that allows scholars to identify and evaluate indigenous patterns of social, economic, and

Qing Colonial Enterprise: Ethnography and Cartography in Early Modern China

Laura Hostetler here shows how Qing China (1636-1911) used cartography and ethnography to pursue its imperial ambitions. She argues that far from being on the periphery of developments in the early


In her recent presidential address, “Reenvisioning the Qing,” Professor Evelyn Sakakida Rawski attacks the “sinicization” theme originally presented as one of the five major aspects of my 1967

Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism

What makes people love and die for nations, as well as hate and kill in their name? While many studies have been written on nationalist political movements, the sense of nationality - the personal

The Holy Roman Empire

The history of the Holy Roman Empire was always intertwined with that of Europe as a whole. The stamp of the institutions and politics of the old Empire is still evident in 20th-century Europe, and

China's Last Empire: The Great Qing

prosperous, while some fundamental challenges which are not on the top of state agenda are easy to be ignored. In addition, local and regional developments create new problems and tensions that

Mapping Chengde: The Qing Landscape Enterprise

The imperial residence of Chengde was built by two powerful and ambitious Manchu emperors between 1703 and 1780 in the mountains of Jehol. The site, which is on UNESCO's World Heritage List, combines

The Significance of the Ch'ing Period in Chinese History

Although the Ch'ing period is generally regarded as one of the better studied and understood periods of Chinese history, the existing fund of our knowledge is actually far from adequate. A systematic

China's Last Empire: The Great Qing

* Introduction * Conquest * Governance * High Qing * Society * Commerce * Crises * Rebellion * Restoration * Imperialism * Revolution * Conclusion * Emperors and Dynasties * Pronunciation Guide *

Bianjing Bianqian (The border regions of Asia: Changes in the Yunnan

  • Frontier of Qing China), in Lu Ren Xiandai Xifang Xueshu Shiye Zhong de Zhongguo Xinan Bianjiang Shi (Modern Western Academia on the History of the Chinese Southwestern Frontier), (Kunming: Yunnan daxue chubanshe,
  • 1997