The “interior” and the “exterior” in historical China: A re-clarification of the concepts of “China” and the “periphery”

@article{Zhaoguang2018TheA,
  title={The “interior” and the “exterior” in historical China: A re-clarification of the concepts of “China” and the “periphery”},
  author={Ge Zhaoguang},
  journal={Chinese Studies in History},
  year={2018},
  volume={51},
  pages={28 - 4}
}
  • Ge Zhaoguang
  • Published 2 January 2018
  • Sociology
  • Chinese Studies in History
ABSTRACT The key questions discussed in this article are: What was “China”? What were the “peripheries”? What was the “interior” and what was the “exterior”? The author points out that from Qin-Han dynasties onward, while China’s core remained stable, its peripheries were in constant change. In certain historical periods, some regions became parts of China whereas in other times, they were “foreign”. As such, it is unwise to view and write about China’s past from the present’s perspective… 
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