The “Venus” Figurines: Textiles, Basketry, Gender, and Status in the Upper Paleolithic

@article{Soffer2000TheF,
  title={The “Venus” Figurines: Textiles, Basketry, Gender, and Status in the Upper Paleolithic},
  author={Olga Soffer and James Adovasio and David C. Hyland},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  year={2000},
  volume={41},
  pages={511-537}
}
Research on Gravettian textiles and basketry informs our understanding of Upper Paleolithic ideology and yields new insights or one component of Stone Age material culture-the Venus figurines. Detailed studies of a series of figurines indicate the presence of at least three types of dressed female depictions. These include several types of headgear, various body bandeaux, and at least one type of skirt. Using data from Europe, we argue that the garments portrayed were made of plant fibers and… Expand
The Significance of Social Gestures and Technologies of Embellishment in Paleolithic Portable Art
This paper analyzes the gestures and technologies used to make Paleolithic portable art. Contextualized within the theoretical schools of the anthropology of technology and using the chaîneExpand
“Their Fingers Were too Fat to Weave”: Ancient Textiles and Academic Politics Today
In 1993, we recognized textile impressions on fragments of fired clay from Upper Paleolithic sites in Moravia, which documented the world's oldest weaving, net making, and basketry. We published thisExpand
Science, the Media, and Interpretations of Upper Paleolithic Figurines
Using the recent discovery of the Hohle Fels figurine as a catalyst, in this article we briefly review the history of scholarship regarding Upper Paleolithic figurines that are often referred to asExpand
The Evolution of Symbolic Inscription in Prehistory
designs are also noted on numerous other portable artefacts throughout the Upper Palaeolithic, including Aurignacian bone plaques, Solutrean stone slates and Magdalenian bone/antler pieces (MarshackExpand
Identification of a possible engraved Venus from Předmostí, Czech Republic
One Gravettian feminine representation e the schematic Venus of Predmosti e is so different from all the others that it has always been regarded as unique. The engraving, which was closely examinedExpand
Bronze Age Textiles: A Preliminary Analysis of Fragments Discovered at Tepe Dasht, Sistan
Of the many diverse arts that flourished during the third millennium BC, textiles played an especiallysignificant role in society. Archaeological textiles offer an important source of materialExpand
Self-Representation in Upper Paleolithic Female Figurines Examined Through Contemporary Applied Studio Practice
This study explores the possibility that the first stylistically consistent representations of the human figure were made from the point of view of self, and concludes that Upper Paleolithic ‘Venus’Expand
Archaeological Textiles : A Need for New Methods of Analysis and Reconstruction
Archaeological textiles bear important testimony to everyday life, farming, trade, migration of nations, religious rituals, art and technical culture. The main reason we know very little about themExpand
Differentiating Paracas Necropolis and Early Nasca Textiles
Bean (1998: 115) has argued that “[n]ext to language, cloth and clothing animate the most elaborated systems of representation in social and cultural life. In identity constructon and manipulation…Expand
The Venus figurines.
  • L. Shewan
  • Medicine
  • International journal of cardiology
  • 2006
TLDR
Comments about the interpretation of the group of figures termed collectively ‘‘Venus figurines’’, which have been variously considered to be fertility idols, self-representations of pregnancy, mother goddesses or charms among other interpretations. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 115 REFERENCES
Ornamental Decoration on Artifacts of the Kostenki Culture
Ornamental decoration on bone artifacts of the Paleolithic period is an important source for assessment of the ideology and other aspects of the life of Paleolithic people. A number of SovietExpand
Lithic Functional Analysis as a Means of Studying Gender and Material Culture in Prehistory
The study of gender and material culture in prehistory is severely hampered by the nature of the archaeological record. In European sites of the Palaeolithic, also referred to as the Old Stone Age,Expand
The Primary Structures of Fabrics: An Illustrated Classification
Irene Emery was one of America's leading authorities on ancient fabrics and textiles before her death in 1981. Her studies led her to become increasingly concerned with the haphazard and confusingExpand
Ancient Danish textiles from bogs and burials : a comparative study of costume and Iron Age textiles
This comparative study of costume and Iron Age textiles' discusses the often remarkably well preserved textiles and other garments from prehistoric deposits and burials in Denmark's numerous mose.Expand
Perishable technologies and the genesis of the EasternGravettian.
Past research on Paleolithic technologies has focused on the manufacturing and use of stone and, to a lesser extent, bone, antler, and ivory artifacts and the implications of these inventories forExpand
Upper Palaeolithic fibre technology: interlaced woven finds from Pavlov I, Czech Republic, c. 26,000 years ago
The later Palaeolithic sites of Moravia, the region of the Czech Republic west of Prague and north of Vienna, continue to provide remarkable new materials. To the art mobilier for which DolniExpand
The Typology of Female Figurines of the Kostenki Paleolithic Culture
The recent field work of Soviet archeologists has produced many interesting examples of Paleolithic art. In particular, the material on sculptural representations of the female has been appreciablyExpand
The 'archaeo-ethnology of hunter-gatherers' or the tyranny of the ethnographic record in archaeology
Many of the constructs of space, time and behavior in the ethnographic literature on hunter-gatherers may be partly determined by the severe constraints on ethnographic fieldwork. This paperExpand
The Female Image: A ‘Time-factored’ Symbol. A Study in Style and Aspects of Image Use in the Upper Palaeolithic
The ‘art’ of the early Upper Palaeolithic refers to the images and symbols of the hunters of horse, bison and mammoth during the last European Ice Age that began more than 32,000 years ago. It isExpand
Women in archaeology
du Cros, Hilary and Laurajane Smith, eds. Women in Archaeology: A Feminist Critique. Canberra: Australian National University, 1993. xxii + 262 pp. including chapter references. AUS $36.80 paper.Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...