The “Prince of Medicine”: Yūḥannā ibn Māsawayh and the Foundations of the Western Pharmaceutical Tradition

  title={The “Prince of Medicine”: Yūḥannā ibn Māsawayh and the Foundations of the Western Pharmaceutical Tradition},
  author={Paula De Vos},
  pages={667 - 712}
This essay examines three medieval pharmaceutical treatises purportedly authored by Yū˙hannā ibn Māsawayh (anglicized to John Mesue) and traces their immense influence on the development of pharmacy in early modern Europe and the Hispanic world. Despite the importance of these works throughout the early modern period, Mesue is relatively unknown in the history of pharmacy and medicine, and his exact identity remains unclear. This essay argues that “Mesue” was most likely a pseudonym used by an… 
A critical comparison between dosage forms in traditional Persian pharmacy and those reported in current pharmaceutical sciences
There were many natural pharmaceutical dosage forms cited by Persian pharmacists and physicians in the historical pharmacopeias (Qarabadins), however, there are forgotten traditional dosage forms which can be modified and optimized in pharmacy nowadays.
Sixteenth-Century Pharmacology and the Controversy between Reductionism and Emergentism
  • A. Blank
  • Philosophy
    Perspectives on Science
  • 2018
Although in the sixteenth century some pharmacological powers were widely ascribed to celestial influences, alternative views of the nature of such powers began to be developed: Reductionism,
What’s Wrong with Talking About the Scientific Revolution? Applying Lessons from History of Science to Applied Fields of Science Studies
Since the mid-twentieth century, the ‘Scientific Revolution’ has arguably occupied centre stage in most Westerners’, and many non-Westerners’, conceptions of science history. Yet among history of
A Complete Bibliography of Publications in Isis, 2000{2009
accademiche [38]. Ada [45]. Adrian [45]. African [56]. Age [39, 49, 61]. Al [23]. Al-Rawi [23]. Aldous [68]. Alex [15]. Allure [46]. America [60, 66]. American [49, 69, 61, 52]. ancienne [25].


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  • History
    Social history of medicine : the journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
  • 1999
Although al-Razi fused elements from the sources which served him as a model, he did not emulate Galen's use of the clinical history to assert himself in order to gain authority and prestige, but remained faithful to the Hippocratic essence.
Practice versus theory: tenth-century case histories from the Islamic Middle East.
  • C. Alvarez-Millan
  • Medicine
    Social history of medicine : the journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
  • 2000
The comparative analysis shows that the medical knowledge and the therapeutic advice so meticulously described in theoretical works were not paralleled in the physician's medical performance, and it appears that learned treatises served other purposes than determining medical practice.
Islamic Pharmacology in the Middle Ages: Theories and Substances
From the ninth to the 13th century, numerous works on pharmacology were written in Arabic in Eastern as well as in Western parts of the Islamic world, and these trends will continue in European pharmacology up to the Modern period.
Situating Arabic Science: Locality versus Essence
L'A. definit et etudie l'axiome de la localite en situant la tradition de la science arabe par rapport a la place que cette tradition occupe dans l'histoire generale des sciences et par rapport a sa
Traducción del prólogo del "Libro de medicamentos simples" de Abû-l-Salt de Denia
El presente articulo pretende solo poner al alcance de los estudiosos de la historia de la medicina la introduccion que aparecia al principio del Tratado de medicamentos simples de Abu-l-Salt de
Medical Methodology and Hospital Practice: The Case of Fourth-/Tenth-Century Baghdad
    Introduction" (cit. n. 53); Pormann and Savage-Smith, Medieval Islamic Medicine; and Levey
      For late medieval Cairo see Chipman, World of Pharmacy and Pharmacists in Mamlu k Cairo
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      The Pharmacology of Ibn Biklarish in the Introduction of his Kitab al-Musta'ini
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