The “Missing Girls” of China and the Unintended Consequences of the One Child Policy

  title={The “Missing Girls” of China and the Unintended Consequences of the One Child Policy},
  author={Avraham Yehuda Ebenstein},
  journal={The Journal of Human Resources},
  pages={115 - 87}
  • A. Ebenstein
  • Published 2010
  • Economics
  • The Journal of Human Resources
High ratios of males to females in China have concerned researchers (Sen 1990, Yi et al. 1993) and the recent increase has alarmed policymakers worldwide. This paper presents an analysis of China’s census data that indicates that the “missing girls” phenomenon is causally linked to enforcement of the One Child Policy. Fertility is lower and sex ratios are higher among those under stricter fertility control, and the overall increase in the sex ratio is driven by an increase in the prevalence of… 

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