The “Governor’s Residency” at Tel ‘Eton, The United Monarchy, and the Impact of the Old-House Effect on Large-Scale Archaeological Reconstructions

  title={The “Governor’s Residency” at Tel ‘Eton, The United Monarchy, and the Impact of the Old-House Effect on Large-Scale Archaeological Reconstructions},
  author={Avraham Faust and Yair Sapir},
  pages={801 - 820}
Abstract The “governor’s residency” at Tel ‘Eton was destroyed in the late 8th century BCE in an Assyrian military campaign. While the numerous finds enable a detailed reconstruction of life on the eve of the destruction, this elite house was cleaned continuously, and since no floor raisings were identified, little was known of the building’s period of use. Radiocarbon (14C) samples taken from within a foundation deposit and from the floor make-up, however, indicate that the earliest phase of… 

Iron age chronology and biblical history rejoinders: The late bronze/iron age transition, Tel ʿEton and Lachish

ABSTRACT In this article, I review three recent articles. In the first, Asscher and Boaretto (2018. ‘Absolute time ranges in the plateau of the Late Bronze to Iron Age transition and the appearance

Between the Highland Polity and Philistia: The United Monarchy and the Resettlement of the Shephelah in the Iron Age IIA, with a Special Focus on Tel ʿEton and Khirbet Qeiyafa

  • A. Faust
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 2020
The Shephelah, one of Judah’s 8th century b.c.e. settlement hubs, was sparsely settled during the Iron Age I, when only a small Canaanite enclave survived in its eastern part. The resettlement of the

The “United Monarchy” on the Ground: The Disruptive Character of the Iron Age I–II Transition and the Nature of Political Transformations

It is commonly agreed that the Iron Age I–II transition was gradual and that processes of social complexity initiated in the Iron Age I simply matured in the Iron Age II. The emergence of Levantine

The birth, life and death of an Iron Age house at Tel ‘Eton, Israel

Using a biographic-like approach, this article presents the initial results of the study of an elite Iron Age house at Tel ‘Eton, from its conception, through its birth and life, to its death and

Lachish Fortifications and State Formation in the Biblical Kingdom of Judah in Light of Radiometric Datings

Abstract When and where the process of state formation took place in the biblical kingdom of Judah is heavily debated. Our regional project in the southwestern part of Judah, carried out from 2007 to

The 10th Century BCE in Judah: Archaeology and the Biblical Tradition

In the framework of the regional project in the Judean Shephelah, which started in 2007, four sites were investigated: Khirbet Qeiyafa, Khirbet el-Ra‘i, Socoh, and Lachish. The data for the 10th

Pigs in Space (and Time): Pork Consumption and Identity Negotiations in the Late Bronze and Iron Ages of Ancient Israel

  • A. Faust
  • History
    Near Eastern Archaeology
  • 2018
Pork consumption and avoidance became a major issue in the study of ancient Israel in the 1980s. Initial works associated massive consumption of pork with the Philistines and its avoidance with the

Royal Architecture in the Iron Age Levant

In the Iron Age II, during the 10th to 6th centuries BCE, the local rulers of the Levant developed an elite style of architecture. The aim of this study is to define this phenomenon, summarize the

The Study of the 10th Century BCE in the Early 21st Century CE: An Overview

This introduction presents a context for the collection of 15 articles published in the first volume of the new journal: Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology, the outcome of the conference on state formation processes in the 10th century BCE Levant.

Challenges and prospects for building radiocarbon chronologies of the earlier Holocene of the Levant

This paper explores the challenges of building radiocarbon chronologies of the earlier Holocene of South-West Asia. The analysis consists of a technical and a taphonomic review of a selection of th...




Abstract The Shephelah was densely settled in the Late Bronze Age, but most of the settlements were gradually abandoned during the transition to the Iron I period. Only a few Iron I settlements

The Debate over the Chronology of the Iron Age in the Southern Levant: Its history, the current situation, and a suggested resolution

Abstract The subject of the Oxford conference—the chronology of the Iron Age of the southern Levant in the 12th–9th centuries BCE in light of current debates and 14 C dating—is of great interest

The Archaeology of the United Monarchy: an Alternative View

AbstractThe article deals with the chronology of the early-Iron II strata in Palestine. A careful examination of the archaeological and textual data indicates that there is no safe chronological

The contribution of the Amarna letters to the debate on Jerusalem's political position in the tenth century B.C.E.

Understanding of the problems involved in the excavations of multilayered highland sites and an examination of the long-range perspective are both essential for the correct appreciation of

The “Philistine Tomb” at Tel ‘ETON

  • A. Faust
  • History
    Journal of Anthropological Research
  • 2015
Tomb C1 at Tel ‘Eton (Israel) is a unique Iron Age I elite burial cave (excavated in 1968 by Gershon Edelstein). The finds include many metal artifacts, seals, beads, and dozens of ceramic vessels,

Biblical Lachish: A Tale of Construction,Destruction,Excavation and Restoration

Biblical Lachish was one of the most important cities in the Land of Israel for over 3,000 years. It played a central historical role during the period of rule by the kings of Canaan, followed by the

Redefining the Centre: The Emergence of State in Judah

Abstract Analysis of settlement traits in Judah during the Iron Age IIA generates fresh insight into the process of state formation in the Kingdom of Judah. Our conclusions are based on observation

A CANAANITE TOWN, A JUDAHITE CENTER, AND A PERSIAN PERIOD FORT: Excavating Over Two Thousand Years of History at Tel ‘Eton

Tel ‘Eton is a large site in the southeastern Shephelah, Israel, that has been excavated since 2006 by Bar-Ilan University. The site, which is surrounded by large burial fields, is located at the

The Chronology of the Iron Age IIA in Judah in the Light of Tel ʿEton Tomb C3 and Other Assemblages

The chronology of Iron Age Israel in general, and that of the Iron Age IIA in Judah in particular, has received a great deal of scholarly attention over the last two decades, especially because of

Migration of Israelites into Judah after 720 BCE: An Answer and an Update

Abstract: In a recent article in this journal Nadav Na’aman dismissed the proposal that a large number of Israelites migrated to Judah after the fall of the Northern Kingdom in 720 BCE. Na’aman based