The ‘warm’ side of coldness: Cold promotes interpersonal warmth in negative contexts

  title={The ‘warm’ side of coldness: Cold promotes interpersonal warmth in negative contexts},
  author={Wenqi Wei and Jingjing Ma and Lei Wang},
  journal={The British Journal of Social Psychology},
  pages={712 - 727}
The concrete experience of physical warmth has been demonstrated to promote interpersonal warmth. This well‐documented link, however, tells only half of the story. In the current study, we thus examined whether physical coldness can also increase interpersonal warmth under certain circumstances. We conducted three experiments to demonstrate that the relationship between the experience of physical temperature and interpersonal outcomes is context dependent. Experiment 1 showed that participants… 
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A Pilot Study Examining Physical and Social Warmth: Higher (Non-Febrile) Oral Temperature Is Associated with Greater Feelings of Social Connection
Extending the existing literature, higher oral temperature readings were associated with greater feelings of social connection and early caregiver experiences did not moderate this association, suggesting that the physical-social warmth overlap may not be altered by early social experience.


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“Warmth” is the most powerful personality trait in social judgment, and it is hypothesized that experiences of physical warmth would increase feelings of interpersonal warmth, without the person's awareness of this influence.
Caring for Sharing How Attachment Styles Modulate Communal Cues of Physical Warmth
Does physical warmth lead to caring and sharing? Research suggests that it does; physically warm versus cold conditions induce prosocial behaviors and cognitions. Importantly, previous research has
Embodied effects are moderated by situational cues: warmth, threat, and the desire for affiliation.
Findings from two experiments indicate that the psychological link between physical warmth and social affiliation depends on the situation in which the warmth is experienced, and support a view in which physical sensations interact dynamically with aspects of the immediate situation to influence the activation and application of higher order social processes.
Physical temperature effects on trust behavior: the role of insula.
The results suggest that the insula may be a key shared neural substrate that mediates the influence of temperature on trust processes.
When You're Hot, You're Hot! Warm-Cold Effects in First Impressions of Persons and Teaching Effectiveness
We examined the effects of Kelley's "warm/cold" manipulation on first impressions of persons and teaching ability. A stimulus person, posing as a visiting professor, gave a "neutral" lecture to 240
Temperature perceptions as a ground for social proximity
The warm-cold variable in first impressions of persons.
  • H. Kelley
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality
  • 1950
The present study finds its main significance in relation to a study by Asch which demonstrates that certain crucial labels can transform the entire impression of the perscm, leading to attributions which are related to the label on a broad cultural basis or even, perhaps, on an autochthonous basis.