The ‘glottal fricatives’

  title={The ‘glottal fricatives’},
  author={Asher Laufer},
  journal={Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
  pages={91 - 93}
  • A. Laufer
  • Published 1 December 1991
  • Linguistics
  • Journal of the International Phonetic Association
In the IPA chart which was the outcome of the IPA 1989 Kiel Convention, the glottal fricatives [h, ɦ] were included, as they were in previous charts. Unlike Kloster-Jensen (JIPA 1991: 42), I believe we were correct to leave [h, ɦ] as they were, in the space for glottal fricatives. In order to justify his belief that the [h] is not a glottal fricative, Kloster-Jensen recruits two good referees, Ladefoged (1962) and Brücke (1876). Other phoneticians also share the same belief, that the [h] is not… 
Voicing of glottal consonants and non-modal vowels
Variation in voicing is common among sounds of the world’s languages: sounds that are analyzed as voiceless can undergo voicing, and those analyzed as voiced can devoice. Among voiceless glottal
Spectrographic Characteristics of Turkish /h/
/h/ is described differently by different researchers. While some argue that /h/ is a glottal fricative, others argue that it is the voiceless counterpart of the following vowel, yet others argue
ohun , ohùn : an experimental study of / h / in Yoruba
This article reports the results of an experimental study of the realisation of /h/ in Yoruba. The aim was to determine whether the 1974 orthography convention requiring that òun “3rd Sg” be written
A phonetic description of Modern Hebrew consonants and vowels
In this paper, we provide a detailed description of the phonetic inventory of Modern Hebrew. We systematically review the phonetic contrasts that distinguish among consonants and vowels, and
The phonetic status of Arabic within the world's languages : the uniqueness of the lughat al-daad.
The full-text may be used and/or reproduced, and given to third parties in any format or medium, without prior permission or charge, for personal research or study, educational, or not-for-pro t
Les aspirations intrusives dans l'anglais des apprenants francophones
Cette these decrit les aspirations intrusives, saillantes mais labiles, souvent representees par /h/ ou [h], dans l’anglais L2 des francophones (par exemple : I hate pasta au lieu de I ate pasta). Le
Vowel prothesis in Walliser German
Abstract The present article investigates the pattern of vowel epenthesis in word-initial position (prothesis) in the Walliser dialect of German. In that dialect, /a/ is inserted before a
Chapter 2 Loss of emphatic and guttural consonants : From medieval to contemporary Maltese
Medieval Maltese inherited a set of three contrastive ‘emphatic’ obstruents from Arabic: ṭ, ḍ, ṣ, completed by sonorant ṛ. It also inherited a set of ‘gutturals’: plosive q, fricatives χ and ħ,


More on German [ç] and [x]
  • W. Jassem
  • Linguistics
    Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • 1991
The two notes in JIPA 20(2) by Kohler (1990) and Ladefoged (1990) concerning the phonemic status of present-day Standard German ç] and [x] are one of many pieces of evidence that distributional
Report on the 1989 Kiel Convention
  • Linguistics
    Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • 1989
From 18 to 21 August 1989 approximately 120 members of the Association (and a few guests) met in Kiel, West Germany, to work on revisions of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). There had been
The Emphatic and Pharyngeal Sounds in Hebrew and in Arabic
This study addresses physiological, acoustic, and linguistic issues in the production of the emphatic sounds // and the pharyngeal sounds ― and uses a common notational symbol, [~], for all of them, including // in place of /q/.
The Function of the Epiglottis in Speech
It is concluded that the epiglottis is an active, independent, and acoustically significant articulator in the production of pharyngeal consonants and in the vowel /a/.
Elements of Acoustic Phonetics
This revised and expanded edition of the classic "Elements of Acoustic Phonetics" provides a concise introduction to basic concepts of acoustics and digital speech processing that are important to
Grundziige der Physiologie und Systematik der Sprachlautefur Linguisten und Taubstummlehrer. Vienna: C. Gerold's Sohn
    On the phonetics and phonology of the Finnish /h
    • Grazer Linguistische Studien
    • 1977
    Phonetics. Harmondsworth: Penguin. PIKE, K. (1943). Phonetics
    • 1973