The ‘I’ and the ‘Me’ in self-referential awareness: a neurocognitive hypothesis

  title={The ‘I’ and the ‘Me’ in self-referential awareness: a neurocognitive hypothesis},
  author={Angela Tagini and Antonino Raffone},
  journal={Cognitive Processing},
The nature of the ‘self’ and self-referential awareness has been one of the most debated issues in philosophy, psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Understanding the neurocognitive bases of self-related representation and processing is also crucial to research on the neural correlates of consciousness. The distinction between an ‘I’, corresponding to a subjective sense of the self as a thinker and causal agent, and a ‘Me’, as the objective sense of the self with the unique and identifiable… 
Experiential Self-Referential Processing & Autobiographical Memory Retrieval: A Preliminary Look
Self-referential processing can be defined as the process of experiencing stimuli as they relate to one’s self (Northoff, 2006). Two distinct modes of self-referential processing, an “experiential
Mindfulness-induced selflessness: a MEG neurophenomenological study
Testing 12 long-term mindfulness meditators found that NS attenuation involves extensive frontal, and medial prefrontal gamma band power decreases, consistent with fMRI and intracranial EEG findings, and the experience of selflessness is linked to attenuation of beta-band activity in the right inferior parietal lobule.
Autobiographical memory and sense of self.
A novel framework for sense of self and memory is proposed that translates this theoretical groundwork into a form that is readily accessible for researchers and review evidence for this model suggests ways that it may provide a roadmap for future research efforts.
Self-awareness, self-regulation, and self-transcendence (S-ART): a framework for understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of mindfulness
An integrative theoretical framework and systems-based neurobiological model is provided that explains the mechanisms by which mindfulness reduces biases related to self-processing and creates a sustainable healthy mind.
Experiential self-referential and selfless processing in mindfulness and mental health: Conceptual model and implicit measurement methodology.
Evidence is found that ESRP and ESLP are associated with meta-awareness (a core process of mindfulness), as well as key psychobehavioral processes underlying (mal)adaptation.
Evolutionary aspects of self- and world consciousness in vertebrates
It is concluded that basic aspects of consciousness like primary self and core self (based on anoetic and noetic consciousness) are present in many species of vertebrates and that, even self-consciousness (autonoetic consciousness), does not seem to be a prerogative of humans and of some non-human primates but may, to a certain extent, be present in some other mammals and birds.
Meditation Experiences, Self, and Boundaries of Consciousness
This article proposes that the authors' senses “super-impose” on an existing dynamic space within us after a slight, imperceptible delay, which can be called the “dynamic mind-body space”.
Autobiographical Memory and Mindfulness: a Critical Review with a Systematic Search
Autobiographical memory (AM) is linked to the construct of self, which is influenced by mindfulness training. Furthermore, both self-reference and AM can be affected by psychopathological


Philosophical conceptions of the self: implications for cognitive science
Brain patterns of Self-awareness
What is the nature of self awareness? The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) indicates that there are two modes of self-awareness: awareness with and awareness without content. The distinction is
The neural correlates of direct and reflected self-knowledge
Cortical midline structures and the self
Origins of self-perception in infancy.
Most accounts of the origins of the self-concept in humans rely on the mirror self-recognition (rouge removal) task whereby the infant is credited with self-awareness at about 15 months, once it is
Pre-reflective and reflective self-reference: A spatiotemporal EEG analysis
Five kinds of self‐knowledge
Abstract Self‐knowledge is based on several different forms of information, so distinct that each one essentially establishes a different ‘self. The ecological self is the self as directly perceived
The self in neuroscience and psychiatry
Introduction: the self and neuroscience Tilo Kircher and Anthony David Part A. Conceptual Background: 1. The self and psychiatry German Berrios and Ivana S. Markova 2. The self in philosophy,