The λ-backbone colorings of graphs with tree backbones

Abstract

The λ-backbone coloring is one of the various problems of vertex colorings in graphs. Given an integer λ ≥ 2, a graph G = (V,E), and a spanning subgraph (backbone) H = (V, EH) of G, a λ-backbone coloring of (G,H) is a proper vertex coloring V → {1, 2, ...} of G in which the colors assigned to adjacent vertices in H differ by at least λ. The λ-backbone… (More)

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