The [ + spread ] of the Northern Cities Shift

  title={The [ + spread ] of the Northern Cities Shift},
  author={Tivoli Majors},
  • Tivoli Majors
  • Published 2014
Sociolinguistic research has been greatly enriched by the application of instrumental acoustic methods. This is especially true in the study of vocalic changes where formant frequencies offer detailed pictures of subtle shifts of vowel quality. In the usual shorthand, F1 and F2 are accepted as correlates of vowel height and frontness respectively though most researchers recognize that formant frequencies are affected by other articulatory factors than just tongue position. In this research, we… CONTINUE READING
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