The "What" and "Why" of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior

  title={The "What" and "Why" of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior},
  author={Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan},
  journal={Psychological Inquiry},
  pages={227 - 268}
  • E. Deci, R. Ryan
  • Published 1 October 2000
  • Psychology
  • Psychological Inquiry
Self-determination theory (SDT) maintains that an understanding of human motivation requires a consideration of innate psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness. We discuss the SDT concept of needs as it relates to previous need theories, emphasizing that needs specify the necessary conditions for psychological growth, integrity, and well-being. This concept of needs leads to the hypotheses that different regulatory processes underlying goal pursuits are differentially… 

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