The "Ghassulian" Temple in Ein Gedi and the Origin of the Hoard from Nahal Mishmar

  title={The "Ghassulian" Temple in Ein Gedi and the Origin of the Hoard from Nahal Mishmar},
  author={David Ussishkin},
  journal={The Biblical Archaeologist},
  pages={23 - 39}
  • D. Ussishkin
  • Published 1 February 1971
  • History
  • The Biblical Archaeologist
The culture predominant during the Chalcolithic period in Palestine is known as the "Ghassulian Culture," named after Teleilat el-Ghassul in the Jordan valley, where it was discovered in 1929.1 Ghassulian settlements were later discovered at many sites, mainly located in the peripheral areas of the country. They are found in the Jordan valley, the Judean desert, the coastal plain, the northern and western Negev, and even in southern Sinai. On the other hand, the Ghassulians (as we shall call… 
Temples in the Ghassulian Culture: Terminology and social implications
Archaeological discussions on prehistoric ritual are largely concerned with their material remains, including architectural debris. The first step in interpretation of such remains is their precise
GODS, CAVES, AND SCHOLARS: Chalcolithic Cult and Metallurgy in the Judean Desert
  • Y. Goren
  • Materials Science
    Near Eastern Archaeology
  • 2014
The origins of southern Levantine Chalcolithic copper metallurgy have been debated for decades. Typological and metallurgical examinations of the copper artifacts from the Nahal Mishmar hoard and
The Chalcolithic Period of the Southern Levant: A Synthetic Review
In the southern Levant, the late fifth millennium to mid-fourth millennium BC—traditionally known as the Chalcolithic period—witnessed major cultural transformations in virtually all areas of
The Sanctuaries of Early Bronze IB Megiddo: Evidence of a Tribal Polity?
  • E. Steen
  • History
    American Journal of Archaeology
  • 2005
The Early Bronze Age IB temples of Megiddo have been the focus of attention from the moment they were found, and the renewed excavations on the site have raised new questions. The status and function
Fifty Years Later: A Critical Review of the Stratigraphy, Chronology and Context of the Nahal Mishmar Hoard
The discovery of the Nahal Mishmar hoard in 1961 is a milestone in the study of ancient metallurgy. While important aspects of the hoard have been studied since its discovery, especially the
Ancient DNA from Chalcolithic Israel reveals the role of population mixture in cultural transformation
The authors use genome-wide ancient DNA data from 22 individuals from a Chalcolithic site and show evidence of complex population movements and turnovers to provide an example of how population movements propelled cultural changes in the deep past.
Patriarchal religion as portrayed in Genesis 12-50: comparison with ancient Near Eastern and later Israelite regions
Although Wellhausen had already rejected the historicity of the patriarchs, and with it their religion, and argued that the patriarchal traditions were retrojections of the Monarchical period
The question of the nature of social and economic life in the Chalcolithic southern Levant has recently been the subject of increasing interest. Several archaeological sites and features in Israel
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The geographical scope of this review includes modern Israel, and the lands of the Palestinian authority, including Gaza. The archaeology of each of these current geopolitical areas is so intertwined