The "Cooling-Out" Function in Higher Education

  title={The "Cooling-Out" Function in Higher Education},
  author={B. R. Clark},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={569 - 576}
  • B. R. Clark
  • Published 1960
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • The wide gap found in many democratic institutions between culturally encouraged aspiration and institutionally provided means of achievement leads to the failure of many participants. Such a situation exists in American higher education. Certain social units ameliorate the consequent stress by redefining failure and providing for a "soft" denial; they perform a "coolign-out" function. The junior college especially plays this role. The cooling-out process observed in one college includes… CONTINUE READING
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