The "Black Horror on the Rhine": Race as a Factor in Post-World War I Diplomacy

@article{Nelson1970TheH,
  title={The "Black Horror on the Rhine": Race as a Factor in Post-World War I Diplomacy},
  author={Keith L. Nelson},
  journal={The Journal of Modern History},
  year={1970},
  volume={42},
  pages={606 - 627}
}
  • Keith L. Nelson
  • Published 1 December 1970
  • History
  • The Journal of Modern History
In the bitter struggles which attended the early enforcement of the Treaty of Versailles in western Europe, perhaps the most surprising and certainly the most treacherous weapon which France and Germany mobilized against each other was that of race. To be sure, many weapons (economic, political, educational, etc.) were available to the antagonists and many were employed, but of the latter none was as destructive as the attempt by each nation to exploit its opponents' fears and prejudices… 

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References

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See also the discussion in the House of Representatives

    However, because enlistment of black troops declined steadily in the 1920s, there was a growing French interest in the potential of the

    • 1938

    The French War Machine

      The Rhineland Amnesty

      • Foreign Affairs

      See also Ferdinand Tuohy, Occupied, 1918-30: A Postscript to the Western Front (London, 1931), p. 157; and Wythe Williams, The Tiger of France

      • NA microfilm records of the GFM, archives of the German embassy; and in Hans E. Riesser, Von Versailles bur UNO: A us den Erinnerungen eines Diplomaten
      • 1919