The "Arousal Effect": An Alternative Interpretation of the Mozart Effect

@inproceedings{Gonzalez2003TheE,
  title={The "Arousal Effect": An Alternative Interpretation of the Mozart Effect},
  author={Melecio Gonzalez and Glenn E. Smith and David W. Stockwell and Robert Horton},
  year={2003}
}
Previous research suggests that listening to Mozart’s music enhances performance on subsequent tests of spatial ability. One explanation for this result is that Mozart’s music produces a positive arousal state that increases alertness and thus, enhances spatial performance. In this study, we sampled elementary students in order to investigate (1) the presence of the Mozart effect and (2) the possibility that the Mozart effect can be explained by increased levels of arousal. We assigned… 
Levels of Arousal in Positive Moods: Effects on Motor Performance
Background: The use of simple preparatory methods, such as listening to relaxing music, may decrease negative emotions and enhance performance. The purpose of this research was to explore whether

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