Thanks, But No Thanks

  title={Thanks, But No Thanks},
  author={Julie Wakefield and Nick Hopkins and Ronni Michelle Greenwood},
  journal={Psychology of Women Quarterly},
  pages={423 - 431}
The stereotype that women are dependent on men is a commonly verbalized, potentially damaging aspect of benevolent sexism. We investigated how women may use behavioral disconfirmation of the personal applicability of the stereotype to negotiate such sexism. In an experiment (N = 86), we manipulated female college students’ awareness that women may be stereotyped by men as dependent. We then placed participants in a situation where they needed help. Women made aware of the dependency stereotype… 

White Knighting: How Help Reinforces Gender Differences between Men and Women

Individuals often prize helping behaviors in the workplace, but these behaviors can potentially be harmful to those who receive help. Two online experiments were conducted to determine whether

Unpacking Benevolent Sexism through an Investigation of the Effects of Helping Behaviors on Women

Author(s): Ruiz, Alexander Gilbert | Advisor(s): Pearce, Jone | Abstract: Extant empirical research is mixed on the link between the endorsement of benevolent sexism—a set of stereotypical attitudes

Gendered Help: Effects of Gender and Realm of Achievement on Autonomy- Versus Dependency-Oriented Help Giving

Building on research on helping relations and gender stereotypes, the present research explored the effects of gender-stereotypical perceptions on willingness to offer dependency- and

I will help you survive but not thrive: Helping decisions in situations that empower women

This research examines gender-based helping behavior from a social dominance perspective. We focused on the interplay between the gender of a prospective donor and the gender of the recipient in

Meta-stereotypes, social image and help seeking: dependency-related meta-stereotypes reduce help-seeking behaviour

People who need help can be reluctant to seek it. This can be due to social image concerns. Here, we investigate if these concerns may be prompted by a salient negative meta-stereotype: the belief

Gendered Help at the Workplace: Implications for Organizational Power Relations

The present research explores workplace help-giving behavior by investigating the importance of gender as a factor that facilitates or inhibits specific types of help that empower and disempower independent coping: autonomy- and dependency-oriented help, respectively.

Comrades in the Struggle? Feminist Women Prefer Male Allies Who Offer Autonomy- not Dependency-Oriented Help

Feminist women view feminist men who take a backseat and offer partial help (i.e., autonomy-oriented support) as better allies than those who attempt to solve the problem themselves and who impose

Help-Seeking Helps

Seeking help from an outgroup can be difficult, especially when the outgroup is known to stereotype the ingroup negatively and the potential recipient cares strongly about its social image. However,

The Importance of Knowing your History: Perceiving Past Women as less Agentic than Contemporary Women Predicts Impaired Quantitative Performance

Research on dynamic stereotypes of women has shown that women perceive large differences between contemporary women and women who lived in the past in terms of agentic (or masculine) traits. This

Hijab, visibility and the performance of identity

Theories concerning the relationship between social identification and behaviour are increasingly attentive to how group members emphasise or de-emphasise identity-related attributes before



Meta-stereotypes, social image and help seeking: dependency-related meta-stereotypes reduce help-seeking behaviour

People who need help can be reluctant to seek it. This can be due to social image concerns. Here, we investigate if these concerns may be prompted by a salient negative meta-stereotype: the belief

Consuming Images: How Television Commercials that Elicit Stereotype Threat Can Restrain Women Academically and Professionally

Women in quantitative fields risk being personally reduced to negative stereotypes that allege a sex-based math inability. This situational predicament, termed stereotype threat, can undermine

Helping to Improve the Group Stereotype: On the Strategic Dimension of Prosocial Behavior

Three studies consider a basis for intergroup helping and show that group members may help others to disconfirm a stereotype of their own group as mean to underscore the point that helping others may be a means to advance a group's interest.

When Do We Confront? Perceptions of Costs and Benefits Predict Confronting Discrimination on Behalf of the Self and Others

Across two studies, we tested whether perceived social costs and benefits of confrontation would similarly predict confronting discrimination both when it was experienced and when it was observed as

Wanting It Both Ways: Do Women Approve of Benevolent Sexism?

An oft-expressed criticism of feminism is thatwomen “want it both ways,” opposing whatGlick and Fiske (1996) have called “hostilesexism,” but accepting or approving of“benevolent sexism.” To examine

Excuse me : What did you just say?! : Women's public and private responses to sexist remarks

Abstract Two studies illustrate women's struggle between their desire to challenge sexism and the social pressures and costs that lead to not publicly responding. In Study 1, 45% of the women

Stereotype Threat and Female Communication Styles

Results indicate that women who experience stereotype threat regarding leadership abilities react against the stereotype by adopting a more masculine communication style, and evidence that self-affirmation eliminates this effect of stereotype threat on women’s communication styles is provided.

Sexism and racism: Old-fashioned and modern prejudices.

Prejudice and discrimination against women has become increasingly subtle and covert (N. V. Be-nokraitis & J. R. Feagin, 1986). Unlike research on racism, little research about prejudice and

The Perils of Political Correctness: Men's and Women's Responses to Old-Fashioned and Modern Sexist Views

In this study we examined the responses of male and female research participants to information about the endorsement of either old-fashioned or modern sexist views by a sample of either men or

Stigma: An insider's view

The literature on stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination has typically focused on the ways dominant groups negatively view and respond to minority groups. We suggest an insider’s perspective to