Textures in the hexagonal metals have attracted significant interest over the years because of the use of some hexagonal metals and alloys, e.g. Zircaloy cladding for nuclear reactor fuels, Ti alloys for aerospace and aircraft industry, and Mg alloys for automobile and computer, communication and consumer electronic (3C) appliances. From a mechanistic point of view, hexagonal metals are different from cubic metals due to the restricted slip systems and the activation of twinning. In this paper, a brief summary of the texture in hexagonal structural materials is carried out, mainly dealing with the deformation and recrystallization texture as well as the anisotropy of textured hexagonal materials. © 2003 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.