Textual Portrayals of Female Athletes: Liberation or Nuanced Forms of Patriarchy?

  title={Textual Portrayals of Female Athletes: Liberation or Nuanced Forms of Patriarchy?},
  author={Victoria Carty},
  journal={Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies},
  pages={132 - 172}
  • Victoria Carty
  • Published 23 August 2005
  • Education
  • Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies
Sport has been an area of society that has traditionally oppressed women by limiting their opportunity to participate. Mariah Nelson aptly reinforces this assertion: “We learned . . . that batting, catching, throwing, and jumping are not neutral, human activities, but somehow more naturally a male domain. Insidiously, our culture’s reverence for men’s professional sports and its silence about women’s athletic accomplishments shaped, defined, and limited how we felt about ourselves as women and… 
Gender and jockography: post-feminism and resistance in female sports autobiographies
Abstract While research consistently shows news media’s devaluation of female athletes, “the jockography,” or sports autobiography, is one form of widely-consumed media through which female athletes
Exploring Elite Female Athletes’ Interpretations of Sport Media Images
Scholars have produced a body of evidence demonstrating media portrayals of sportswomen emphasize femininity/heterosexuality versus athletic competence and argue that such coverage trivializes
Blood, Sweat and Tears: Women, Sport and Hollywood
The sports film genre is one in which girls and women are notoriously underrepresented. However, there has been a notable increase in female sports films over the last 20 years,1 coinciding with the
Bodies in Action
Situated in relation to critical feminist concerns about sport and cinema, this article presents a survey of depictions of female athleticism in contemporary film. With particular focus on the
Where do we fit in: the narrative of the Black female athlete
This thesis examines the history of Black women and discusses what it has meant and continues to mean to be a Black female athlete. It challenges stereotypes that have defined Black women since
Power and focus: self‐representation of female college athletes
Readers should also refer to the journal's website at http://www.informaworld.com/rqrs and check volume 2, issue 2 to view the visual material in colour. This study examined how female athletes
Badass Athena triathletes: Athletic performativity and embodiment
ABSTRACT Embodied subjectivity and athletic performativity require both mind and body to work together to achieve athletic goals and move beyond cultural barriers. This is perhaps best demonstrated
The freedom to choose: elite female athletes' preferred representations within endorsement opportunities.
“I want to be respected for what I do instead of what I look like” —Janie, a swimmer “They can see the moves I make, the action I make [on the court]. But I also want them to see this is who I am off
Fictional Girls Who Play with the Boys: Barriers to Access in the Transition to Male-Dominated Sports Teams
This literary analysis draws upon navigational identity theory to examine the experiences of female protagonists who choose to play on boys’ athletic teams. The study analyzes ten middle grade and
Microaggressions and Female Athletes
Using a combination of scholarly literature and media reports, this paper classifies instances of subtle bias, or microaggressions, toward female athletes in the United States. We identify three


The Stronger Women Get, The More Men Love Football
bian athletes were forced to cope with some of the cruelest criticism. Critics of women participating in sport asserted that sport induced "mannish" behavior which "disqualified the female athlete as
Coming on strong : gender and sexuality in twentieth-century women's sport
The new type of athletic girl grass-roots growth and sexual sensation in the flapper era games of strife - the battle over women's competitive sport order on the court - the campaign to suppress
Sport and Gender in Canada
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ABOUT THE AUTHORS PREFACE PART I: HISTORICAL AND CONCEPTUAL ISSUES 1. Creators of the Lost and Perfect Game?: Gender, History, and Canadian Sport 2. The Public Importance of Men and
The Social Construction of Female and Male High School Basketball Participation: Reproducing the Gender Order through a Two-Tiered Sporting Institution
Qualitative interviews explore the meanings increased female participation in basketball have for a sample of basketball players from three high schools. To what extent are post–Title IX female
The Gender of Audience Building: Televised Coverage of Women's and Men's NCAA Basketball*
This article, based upon a comparative analysis of televised coverage of the “Final Four” of the women's and men's 1993 NCAA basketball tournaments, sheds light on some of the mechanisms through
The Construction of Gender in Sport: Women, Coaching, and the Naturalization of Difference
Analyses of the significance of sport to the construction of gender have for the most part concentrated on the practice or performance of sport. This article examines the construction of gender in
The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women
In the struggle for women's equality, there is one subject still shrouded in silence - women's compulsive pursuit of beauty. The myth of female beauty challenges every woman, every day of her life.
A Sociology of Women: The Intersection of Patriarchy, Capitalism, and Colonization
This book integrates macro and micro sociological approaches to the study of women and presents major theoretical frameworks on sex and gender stratification from the enlightenment to postmodernism.
The Occult of True Black Womanhood: Critical Demeanor and Black Feminist Studies
  • A. Ducille
  • Art, History
    Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
  • 1994
The Black Woman; The Black Woman: An Anthology; The Black Woman in America; The Black Woman in American Society; The Black Woman CrossCulturally; Black Women in America; Black Women in White America;