Tests of opioid deficiency hypotheses of alcoholism.


Eighty-three male rats were maintained on a daily regimen involving 22 h of deprivation of fluids followed by 2 h of access to water and a sweetened alcoholic beverage (12% ethanol, 5% sucrose). After about 3 weeks of such a regimen, rats eventually take considerable amounts of ethanol daily. In the present study, a series of injections of opioids was given… (More)


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