Tests of inferential reasoning by exclusion in Clark’s nutcrackers (Nucifraga columbiana)


We examined inferential reasoning by exclusion in the Clark’s nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) using two-way object-choice procedures. While other social scatter-hoarding corvids appear capable of engaging in inferential reasoning, it remains unclear if the relatively less social nutcracker is able to do so. In an initial experiment, food was hidden in one… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s10071-013-0595-1

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