Testosterone therapy and cardiovascular risk: advances and controversies.

  title={Testosterone therapy and cardiovascular risk: advances and controversies.},
  author={Abraham Morgentaler and Martin Miner and Monica Caliber and Andr{\'e} T. Guay and Mohit Khera and Abdulmaged M Traish},
  journal={Mayo Clinic proceedings},
  volume={90 2},
Two recent studies raised new concerns regarding cardiovascular (CV) risks with testosterone (T) therapy. This article reviews those studies as well as the extensive literature on T and CV risks. A MEDLINE search was performed for the years 1940 to August 2014 using the following key words: testosterone, androgens, human, male, cardiovascular, stroke, cerebrovascular accident, myocardial infarction, heart attack, death, and mortality. The weight and direction of evidence was evaluated and level… CONTINUE READING


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