Testosterone secretion in response to GnRH stimulation and enzymatic activity of semen plasma was evaluated comparatively in rams with or without genital abnormality. Scrota, testes and epididymides of 128 rams between 1.5 and 6 years old from various breeds were examined clinically and ultrasonographically. Bilaterally cryptorchid rams (n = 2), and rams with focal testicular degeneration (n = 3) or unilateral sperm granuloma localized in the caput (n = 3) epididymis or the cauda epididymis (n = 3), diagnosed by either clinical or ultrasonographic examination, were selected for the further investigation of spermatologic parameters, testosterone secretion in response to GnRH stimulation, and enzymatic activity of semen plasma before histopathologic confirmation of lesions. Except for the cryptorchid rams, sperm parameters determined in ejaculates were similar to intact controls (n = 3). GnRH administration increased plasma testosterone levels significantly irrespective of the type of genital pathology (P < 0.01). The testosterone response calculated based on area under the curve following GnRH administration in rams having genital abnormality was not significantly different from the controls. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in the semen plasma varied between rams, with the lowest mean values in the bilaterally cryptorchid group (P < 0.05). Spermatic granuloma localized either in the caput or cauda of the epididymis was associated with a significant reduction in the semen plasma AST activity compared to controls (P < 0.01). In conclusion, our results indicated that the ability of testicular tissue to secrete testosterone in response to GnRH stimulation in rams with bilateral cryptorchidism, focal testicular degeneration and unilateral sperm granuloma was similar to that of intact controls, and that reduced semen plasma AST activity may have a diagnostic value in the diagnosis of the epididymal obstruction in rams. Focal testicular degeneration did not influence AST, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and LDH activity in semen plasma.