Testosterone, and winning and losing in human competition

  title={Testosterone, and winning and losing in human competition},
  author={Alan Booth and Greg Shelley and Allan Mazur and Gerry Tharp and Roger J. Kittok},
  journal={Hormones and Behavior},

Winning, losing, mood, and testosterone

The social endocrinology of dominance: basal testosterone predicts cortisol changes and behavior following victory and defeat.

Novel evidence is provided in humans that basal testosterone predicts cortisol reactivity and behavior following changes in social status, and high testosterone winners and losers did not differ in their task preferences.

Competition and testosterone

Testosterone, Cortisol, and Mood in a Sports Team Competition

The results indicate that in a real, highly competitive situation, T changes are not directly a response to the outcome, but rather to the contribution the individual makes to it and to the causes he attributes.

Testosterone change after losing predicts the decision to compete again

Relationship between pregame concentrations of free testosterone and outcome in rugby union.

The link between pregame T:C and rugby players in the back position suggests that monitoring weekly training loads and enhancing recovery modalities between games may also assist with favorable performance and outcome in rugby union matches.

Challenging the Top Player: A Preliminary Study on Testosterone Response to An Official Chess Tournament

The results suggest that the rival's status can determine the opponent’s anticipatory neuroendocrine responses to an official chess tournament, modulated by the difference in the opponent's ELO rating.



Serum cortisol, testosterone, and testosterone-binding globulin responses to competitive fighting in human males.

Findings indicate that humans, like other social mammals, may undergo specific endocrine changes in response to victory or defeat.

Plasma Testosterone: Correlation with Aggressive Behavior and Social Dominance in Man

&NA; Plasma testosterone was determined in 36 male prisoners; 12 with chronic aggressive behavior, 12 socially dominant without physical aggressiveness and 12 who were not physically aggressive or

Testosterone, Aggression, Physical, and Personality Dimensions in Normal Adolescent Males

There was a significant association (r = 0.44) between plasma testosterone levels and self‐reports of physical and verbal aggression, mainly reflecting responsiveness to provocation and threat.

Correlation between anxiety and serum prolactin in humans.

Assessment of Aggressive Behavior and Plasma Testosterone in a Young Criminal Population

It is presented that within a population that is predisposed by virtue of social factors to develop antisocial behaviors, levels of testosterone may be an important additional factor in placing individuals at risk to commit more aggressive crimes in adolescence.

Saliva testosterone and criminal violence in young adult prison inmates.

Inmates with higher testosterone concentrations had more often been convicted of violent crimes and those higher in testosterone received longer times to serve before parole and longer punishments for disciplinary infractions in prison.

Androgens and aggressive behavior in primates: A review

Preliminary evidence indicates that plasma testosterone levels may alter as a function of aggression itself; thus levels decrease if male rhesus monkeys are defeated by conspecifics, and this remains a crucial topic for future research.

Military Rank Attainment of a West Point Class: Effects of Cadets' Physical Features

Prior research has shown that males are perceived, on the basis of their physical characteristics, as either dominant or submissive individuals, that is, as assertive leaders or as uninfluential

Loss of circadian rhythmicity in blood testosterone levels with aging in normal men.

A clear decrease in serum testosterone levels in healthy old men compared to those in young men is demonstrated and this results provide an explanation for the inability to demonstrate an age-related decline inosterone levels in earlier studies using serum samples obtained in the afternoon.