Testing the vulnerability and scar models of self-esteem and depressive symptoms from adolescence to middle adulthood and across generations.

@article{Steiger2015TestingTV,
  title={Testing the vulnerability and scar models of self-esteem and depressive symptoms from adolescence to middle adulthood and across generations.},
  author={Andrea E. Steiger and Helmut A Fend and Mathias Allemand},
  journal={Developmental psychology},
  year={2015},
  volume={51 2},
  pages={236-47}
}
The vulnerability model states that low self-esteem functions as a predictor for the development of depressive symptoms whereas the scar model assumes that these symptoms leave scars in individuals resulting in lower self-esteem. Both models have received empirical support, however, they have only been tested within individuals and not across generations (i.e., between family members). Thus, we tested the scope of these competing models by (a) investigating whether the effects hold from… CONTINUE READING